The "Darnley Portrait" of Elizabeth I

History is Her story, part 2

If God is a woman and history is a script then history is Her story and the pun could be intended. In that case it is possible that God uses avatars to play a role in Her story. Several important women in history may have been avatars of God. In the previous episode, History is Her story part 1, it is explained who they might have been.

This post is part of a series called God Is A Woman And Jesus Was Her Husband. It is advised to read the other articles first in the order suggested below:

Isabella I Of Castile
Isabella I Of Castile.

Isabella I of Castile

Isabella I (1451-1504) was Queen of Castile and one of the most influential persons in history. She was the second child of King John II of Castile. He already had an heir, Henry. The king’s second wife also gave birth to a son, Alfonso, making Isabella third in line to the throne. John died in 1454 and Henry became king of Castile but he was unable to produce an heir. He remarried but when his second wife gave birth to a daughter, there were doubts about the girl’s paternity.

Henry made his daughter Joanna heir to the throne but an influential group of nobles preferred Alfonso. Isabella sided with Alfonso. Henry then came up with a compromise and named Alfonso as his heir as if Joanna was to be betrothed to him so that both would share the crown. When Henry attempted to back out of this arrangement, a group of rebels crowned Alfonso king. The rebellion failed and Alfonso died, leaving Isabella as his heir but she was savy and didn’t pursue the throne by rebellion.

Spain was divided into several small kingdoms. Marriage was a way of forging aliances. Henry forced Isabella into several betrothals because of his political needs. He attempted to marry her to King Alfonso V of Portugal but Isabella was wary of the marriage. As part of an agreement to restore peace, Isabella was to be betrothed to Pedro Giron, Master of the military Order of Calatrava. Isabella prayed that the marriage would not come to pass. Her prayers were answered when Don Pedro suddenly fell ill and died on his way to meet her, which was convenient to Isabella.

Isabella made Henry sign an agreement in which he made her his successor to the throne. Henry made another effort to arrange a marriage but Isabella refused and secretly arranged a wedding with Ferdinand of Aragon. By doing this she created Spain. After Isabella had secured the throne, she initiated a number of reforms in the areas of government, finance, legal code, and policing.

Isabella’s largest impact on history turned out to be sponsoring the mission of Christopher Columbus to reach the Indies by sailing west. In this way America was discovered. A film about this event was made 500 years later, titled “1492: Conquest of Paradise”. Apart from the word Paradise, the number 1492 is noteworthy as it is a combination of the initials and the birthdate of the lady who appeared to be God in my psychosis. This could be a clue.

Katharina Von Bora
Katharina Von Bora. Lucas Cranach the Elder (1526).

Katharina von Bora

Katharina von Bora (1499-1552) was married to Martin Luther. Luther initiated the Protestant Reformation. He disputed the claim that you could purchase freedom from God’s punishment, which was an important source of income for the Roman Catholic Church at the time. He challenged the authority of the Roman Catholic Church by claiming that the Bible is the only source of divinely revealed knowledge.

Luther’s marriage to Katharina von Bora became a model for the practice of clerical marriage in the Protestant churches. In Germany Luther is considered to be an important prophet. There are a few peculiar coincidences that might be regarded as clues. Martin Luther was named after Saint Martin. He was baptised on Saint Martin’s Day, which was 11 November, a reference to 11:11.

Another peculiar coincidence involves the assassination of Martin Luther King on 4 April 1968. The assassination happened exactly one year after King spoke out against the Vietnam War. This was on 4 April 1967. Both dates being 4 April (4/4) make an 11:11 related coincidence. His last name being King might refer to Martin Luther having been a prophet like Jesus in the sense that he was married to God.

Also in 1968 another high-profile political assassination took place in the United States. On 5 June 1968 Senator Robert Kennedy was shot. He died the next day on 6 June (6/6). The combination of both deaths makes a reference to D-Day (6/6/44). This is remarkable and a possible clue as there were some peculiar coincidences surrounding D-Day.

The
The “Darnley Portrait” of Elizabeth I

Elisabeth I

Queen Elisabeth I of England (1533-1603) was one of the most successful monarchs ever. During her reign the foundation was laid for the Anglo Saxon world domination that lasts until today. Great Britain became the dominant nation of the world until the United States took over. During her reign, the Spanish Armada was defeated and the remainder was lost in a storm, which ended the Spanish dominance over the seas.

A curious sequence of events made her Queen of England. Upon hearing of her accession to the throne, she reportedly quoted the 118th Psalm’s twenty-third line: “It is the Lord’s doing, and it is marvellous in our eyes”. Elizabeth’s unmarried status inspired a cult of virginity. She said she was married to England. This is similar to God being married to Israel. In poetry and portraits Elisabeth was sometimes depicted as a virgin goddess.

Computable article about Armada
Computable article about Armada

During a walk in 2009 I was pondering whether or not Elisabeth I had been an avatar of God. When I returned home, a magazine named Computable was in my letterbox. The frontpage featured an article about a distributed database system named Armada that operated like a 16th century Armada fleet. This could be a clue.

Françoise d'Aubigné, Marquise de Maintenon
Françoise d’Aubigné, Marquise de Maintenon

Françoise d’Aubigné

Françoise d’Aubigné (1635-1719) was the second wife of Louis XIV, who is known as the Sun King. Louis XIV was one of the most successful rulers of France. He was vain and waged many wars. He believed he had absolute power because his rule was the will of God, and that only God can judge a king and that his subjects must accept his rule.

During his first marriage Louis had a number of mistresses. He was more faithful to his second wife Françoise d’Aubigné. She never became queen but she had considerable influence in the royal court. She may have been an avatar of God.

At secondary school I was elected into the school council. That was not a great feat as there were no competitors for the position. The school council was a kind of parliament meant to bring democracy to school. Of the fifteen seats, three were reserved for pupils. The meetings gave some insight into how bureaucrats entertain themselves at their jobs.

There was a dispute about something the Cultural Board had done. I don’t remember any more what it was, but they had not followed proper procedures. The conflict was the most pointless bureaucratic fight I ever witnessed. It dragged on for months and several meetings of the School Council were spent on it. The critics of the Cultural Board called it an I-am-the-state-situation, referring to a famous statement of Louis XIV.

The critics alleged that the Cultural Board had acted like the Sun King by deciding to act without consulting all the bureaucrats they needed to consult. The Cultural Board was willing to admit that their action wasn’t chic but the critics insisted that the Cultural Board had to admit that what they had done was wrong. The clue was a bit dubious so I tossed a coin. The result was that Françoise d’Aubigné made it to the list.

Catherine II of Russia by J.B.Lampi
Catherine II of Russia

Catherine the Great

Catherine the Great (1729-1796) took power after a conspiracy deposed of her husband. Most likely she was not involved in the conspiracy. She was one of he most successful monarchs of the Age of Enlightenment. During her reign Russia became one of the leading powers of Europe. Catherine took many lovers. Her last lover Prince Zubov was 40 years younger. There is also a lack of clues on her being an avatar of God but she is an obvious candidate.

Empress Josephine in Coronation Robes
Empress Josephine in Coronation Robes. François Gérard

Empress Joséphine

Joséphine (1763-1814) was the first wife of Napoleon Bonaparte. Joséphine was Napoleon’s greatest love. After her husband was executed during the French Revolution, she had affairs with several leading political figures. Napoleon, who was six years younger, fell in love with her. He sent her many love letters. Napoleon’s love for Joséphine cooled somewhat when he found out that she had an affair while they were lovers. He then had affairs of his own but remained in love with her and married her.

Through the children from her first marriage Joséphine became the grandmother of Napoleon III and the great-grandmother of later Swedish and Danish kings and queens. The reigning houses of Belgium, Norway and Luxembourg also descend from her. She did not bear Napoleon any children, which was why they divorced. Nevertheless Napoleon’s last words on his death bed were: “France, the army, the head of the army, Joséphine.”

There are some remarkable parallels between Napoleon Bonaparte and Adolf Hitler. Napoleon Bonaparte was born on Corsica, an island that became part of France, while Napoleon Bonaparte became the leader of France. Adolf Hitler was born in Austria, a country that became part of Germany, while Adolf Hitler became the leader of Germany. Both men were involved in a coup on 9 November (9/11 in European notation). Both started a military campaign in Russia that led to their downfall.

Napoleon Bonaparte and Adolf Hitler both came to power by a coup ending an unstable republic. They both turned Europe into a battlefield. Both ventured into Africa and both were repelled in Egypt. They both waged a war on two fronts because they both attacked Russia while England had not been defeated. Adolf Hitler may have been a husband of God, my psychosis suggested, so these parallels might be a clue.

Lucretia Garfield
Lucretia Garfield. Library of Congress.

Lucretia Garfield

Lucretia Garfield (1832-1918) was the wife of US President James A. Garfield. President Garfield was assassinated in 1881 shortly after he took office. He lingered for two and half months before dying. She stayed at his bedside and received much public sympathy. They were both 26 when they married on 11 November 1858, a reference to 11:11. During the Civil War James Garfield had an affair while he was a general. He confessed this to his wife and she forgave him.

On 12 January 2010 a previously unknown life insurance policy on the life of President Garfield was discovered. It was found in a family scrap book and had a benefit amount of $10,000. It was opened 45 days before Garfield was shot and was surrendered and signed by Lucretia Garfield and the private secretary to the President. This is a bit peculiar as it might indicate foreknowledge of the assassination.

My son Rob was fond of the comic character Garfield. In 2006 a mysterious parcel addressed to him was delivered to us by mail. It contained some Garfield items including a coffee cup with lettering “It is good to be king.” The parcel was sent anonymously. We made several enquiries to reveal the sender but nobody conceded to have sent the parcel. Until today the sender has remained unknown. This incident could be a clue.

Featured image: The “Darnley Portrait” of Elizabeth I. Wikipedia. Public Domain.

Roman sculpture of Cleopatra wearing a royal diadem

History is Her story, part 1

Clue based guessing

If God is a woman and history is a script then history is Her story and the pun could be intended. In that case it is possible that God uses avatars to play a role in Her story. Several important women in history may have been avatars of God. But how can we know who they were? There may be an answer to this question.

Despite his bumbling and clumsy appearance, Chief Inspector Jacques Clouseau was always able to solve the mystery. He was guided by a hunch and some vague clues that only made sense in his mind. How could a clown like him be right while the apparently competent were not? The answer is that Jacques Clouseau was a fictional character in a story. The plot was always that Clouseau is right.

There were only vague clues for me to work with, most notably coincidences. Many of them weren’t that peculiar as they could have happened by chance. And so this investigation became a clue based guessing exercise Clouseau style. The outcome can be accurate if this is a story in which the plot is that I am right.

I am quite confident that this is a story but I am not so confident about being right. Nevertheless, mediums can be more accurate than chance allows for, even though they are often off the mark. And I could the medium for this message.

This post is part of a series called God Is A Woman And Jesus Was Her Husband. It is advised to read the other articles first in the order suggested below:

There is an overlap between the lifespans of some of the mentioned characters. That can be explained in several ways. Some of the guesses may be erroneous. Alternatively, God may be able to take over a character during her lifetime, for instance by skipping the childhood years. If this universe is a virtual reality running a script, God may be able to go back in time and play roles in any sequence. Nevertheless, the gaps are far greater than the overlaps, so most avatars may never be known.

Bust of Nefertiti
Bust of Nefertiti from the Egyptian Museum in Berlin.

Nefertiti

The Egyptian Pharaoh Akhenaten and his wife Nefertiti (1370-1330 BC) invented monotheism. They worshiped a single god, which was the sun disk named Aten. They broke with tradition and tried to annihilate the worship of other gods. For that reason Nefertiti may have been an avatar of God. After their reign, traditional beliefs were restored.

Cassandane

Cyrus the Great was one of the first universal kings who ruled many peoples. He was one of the first multicultural rulers as he respected the customs and religions of the lands he conquered. In Judaism he is considered to be a Messiah because he allowed the Jews to return to Israel and financed the building of the Second Temple.

The fate of a Messiah is often to be married to God so wife Cassandane (567-537 BC) may have been an avatar of God. Cyrus and Cassandane loved each other very much. When she died all the nations of Cyrus’ empire observed a great mourning. Their daughter Atossa later married Darius the Great and bore him Xerxes I.

Cyrus is seen as one of the greatest leaders ever. Iranians still regard him as The Father. Despite having been such a great leader and a Jewish Messiah, Cyrus died in the hands of a woman. This is a bit peculiar considering that God may be a woman. He was defeated by Queen Tomyris after he tried to invade her kingdom.

Roman medallion with Olympias
Roman medallion with Olympias, Museum of Thessaloniki.

Olympias, mother of Alexander the Great

Olympias (376-316 BC) was the mother of Alexander the Great. Alexander the Great was able to create a large empire in a short time. His lasting legacy is the spread of Greek culture. Olympias, who was married to King Philip II, insisted that Alexander was the son of Zeus, which was confirmed to Alexander by an oracle. The title Son of Zeus is similar to Son of God. If Olympias was an avatar of God, this is a remarkable coincidence.

According to the Greek historian Plutarch, Olympias dreamt that her womb was struck by a thunder bolt on the eve of the consummation of her marriage to Philip. Philip was said to have seen himself in a dream sealing up his wife’s womb with a seal. Plutarch offered several interpretations of these dreams, for example that Alexander’s father was Zeus. This story is similar to Virgin Mary giving birth to Jesus.

Jews see Alexander the Great as a Messiah. The Christians of the Near East made a saint out of him. They combined legends about Alexander with Biblical tales such as those about Gog and Magog. The Quran mentions Alexander the Great as a prophet. At primary school there was a boy named Alexander the Great in my class. With the benefit of hindsight this peculiar coincidence might be a clue.

Queen Dowager Zhao

Queen Dowager Zhao (280-228 BC) was the mother of the first emperor of China, Qin Shi Huang, a brutal ruler who unified China. Qin Shi Huang introduced reforms and projects like a central administration, a standardised script, canals and a national road system. He also standardised the Chinese units of measurements for weights and measures, the currency, and the length of the axles of carts.

Queen Dowager Zhao was a daughter of a prominent family. She was a concubine of the merchant Lü Buwei, who gave her to his protegé, Prince Yiren of Qin. Thanks to Lü’s intervention, Prince Yiren became the King of the Kingdom of Qin. He was later named King Zhuangxiang. His son succeeded him and became named Qin Shi Huang.

Queen Dowager Zhao allegedly had an affair with Lü Buwei after King Zhuangxiang died. Lü Buwei feared that the Emperor would find out so he decided to look for a replacement for the Queen. He arranged a man for her, Lao Ai, who was disguised as a eunuch. Lao Ai and the Queen got along well and had two sons together.

My son sometimes called himself ‘the Emperor of China’ as he was often ordering his parents. We were making a joke out of it and called him King Rob. He however insisted that he was the Emperor of China. “The Emperor of China demands cheese,” he said jokingly. During my psychosis I read an article about Qin Shi Huang in a magazine we were subscribed to, so I consider this to be a clue.

Roman sculpture of Cleopatra wearing a royal diadem
Roman sculpture of Cleopatra wearing a royal diadem

Cleopatra

Cleopatra (69-30 BC) was the last Pharaoh of Ancient Egypt and she presented herself as a reincarnation of the Egyptian goddess Isis. Egyptian Pharaohs were seen as deputies of the gods but Cleopatra claimed to be a goddess herself. Cleopatra was a great beauty complemented with wit, charm and a sweet voice. Cleopatra was able to conquer the world’s most powerful men. She made Julius Caesar abandon his plans to annex Egypt and back her claim to the throne.

Julius Caesar had the same initials as Jesus Christ. During the psychosis I stumbled upon an article in a magazine about some people claiming that Romans invented the story of Jesus Christ based on the life of Julius Caesar. According to them Jesus never existed. There is no historic evidence of the existence of Jesus, they claimed. That might be a clue.

Empress Theodora

Empress Theodora (500-548) was one of the most powerful and influential woman in Roman history. A contemporary official claimed that she was superior in intelligence to any man. Her husband, Emperor Justinian recognised this as well. He allowed her to share his throne and take part in decision-making.

As a young woman Theodora earned her living as an actress, which included prostitution. She gave up her former lifestyle and settled as a wool spinner near the palace in Constantinople. Her beauty, wit and amusing character drew attention from Justinian. Justinian married Theodora when she already had a daughter.

During the Nika Riots in Constantinople, rioters set public buildings on fire and proclaimed a new Emperor. Justinian and his officials prepared to flee but Theodora spoke out against this plan. Her determined speech convinced them to stay. Justinian ordered his loyal troops to attack the demonstrators. The revolt was then subdued.

After the revolt, Justinian and Theodora ordered Constantinople to be rebuilt. It became the most splendid city of the world. The works included building aqueducts, bridges and churches, including the Hagia Sophia, which is considered one of the architectural wonders of the world. Theodora participated in Justinian’s legal and spiritual reforms. She was also involved in the increase of the rights of women.

Maria, daughter of Harald III of Norway

Harald Sigurdsson was King of Norway from 1046 until 1066. When he was young, he had to flee Norway. He and his men went to Russia, where they served in the army of Yaroslav I the Wise. Later they became a mercenaries in the Byzantine army. There Harald was imprisoned because of a palace intrigue but he managed to escape. The Chronicle of the Kings of Norway Saga of Harald Hardrade mentions the following:

There was a young and beautiful girl called Maria, a brother’s daughter of the empress Zoe, and Harald had paid his addresses to her; but the empress had given him a refusal.

Based on the saga, Michael Ennis wrote a novel named Byzantium in which he speculated about a passionate love affair between Maria and Harald. They tried to escape Constantinople together but a Russian fleet attacked Constantinople at the same time. During the battle Maria died but Harald managed to get out. In 1046 he returned to Norway and became King. Because of my interest in history, and most notably the Byzantine Empire, I have read the novel somewhere around 2005.

Harald died when he invaded England in 1066. His daughter Maria died on the same day in Norway, which is a peculiar coincidence, also because of the connection of this event with D-Day. In his book Ennis suggests that she was the reincarnation of his former lover Maria who wanted to be with Harald and therefore dropped dead when he died.

If you choose to reincarnate into whom you want, and can drop dead at the time of your choosing, you have full control over your fate. In othe words, you can choose your own avatar. That could be a clue and me reading this particular novel might not have been an accident as I do not read many novels (probably one every few years).

The Finnish metal band Turisas dedicated a song named The Great Escape to Harald. The Great Escape is also the name of the lead song of Ilse DeLange’s album The Great Escape, which appears to contain a hidden message from God. What this message might be, will be discussed later on. For now, it is sufficient to notice that this too could be a clue.

Hildegard Von Bingen
Hildegard Von Bingen

Hildegard von Bingen

Hildegard von Bingen (1098-1179) was a 12th century nun. She was an author, counsellor, linguist, scientist, philosopher, physician, herbalist, poet, visionary and composer. She corresponded with Popes, statesmen and Emperors and other notable figures. Abbots and abbesses asked her for prayers and opinions on various matters. She travelled a lot during her preaching tours.

Hildegard von Bingen claimed she had visions. She said she had unusual perceptions at the age of three. By the age of five she began to understand that these were visions. Von Bingen claimed she saw all things in the light of God through the senses: sight, hearing, taste, smell, and touch. She spoke out against church practises such as simony.

Von Bingen wrote that woman may be made from man, but no man can be made without a woman. She promoted chastity but also described a female orgasm. According to Von Bingen, Adam had a pure voice and joined the angels in singing praises to God before the Fall. At the time she lived, an anonymous monk in the Netherlands wrote down the oldest known written sentence of the Dutch language:

hebban olla uogala nestas hagunnan hinase hic anda thu uuat unbidan uue nu.

The English translation for this sentence is: “Have all birds started nests except me and you. Do we start now?” At primary school a teacher told us about this old text. These lines remained in my mind since then and I later imagined a Gregorian chant based on these words when Sadeness from Enigma was a popular song.

It is peculiar that a monk would write down a love rhyme. These lines intrigued me for no apparent reason. After my psychosis I came to imagine that the monk may have had a vision about Hildegard von Bingen, also for no apparent reason. This could be a clue.

15th century miniature depicting Joan Of Arc
15th century miniature depicting Joan Of Arc

Joan of Arc

Joan of Arc (1412-1431) was an uneducated peasant girl from an obscure village in Northern France. In 1429 large parts of France were under foreign control. After years of humiliating defeats, the leadership of France was demoralised and discredited. Joan of Arc led the French army to several important victories during the Hundred Years’ War against England and its ally Burgundy.

She claimed to have divine guidance. Recent scholars explained her visions as a disease but documents from her own era indicate that she was healthy and sane. She was captured by the Burgundians and burned at the stake at the age of nineteen. Her actions changed the outcome of the war and had a major impact on history as France came out victorious from a hopeless position.

Featured image: Roman sculpture of Cleopatra wearing a royal diadem. Altes Museum in Germany. Wikipedia. Public Domain.

Khadijah, mother of the believers

Mother of the Believers was the title given to the wives of Muhammad but it best suits Khadijah bint Khuwaylid. She was a wealthy merchant and a widow. She was also Muhammad’s employer. Muhammad was twenty-five and Khadijah was forty when she proposed to him. The marriage between Khadijah and Muhammad was both happy and monogamous. When he was without her on his journeys, Muhammad never felt a desire for other women. They had six children of which four daughters survived. Only after the death of Khadijah Muhammad re-married but he didn’t have children with his later wives.

This post is part of a series called God Is A Woman And Jesus Was Her Husband. It is advised to read the other articles first in the order suggested below:

After receiving his first revelation from what appeared to be the Archangel Gabriel Muhammad returned home to Khadijah in a state of terror. He told her what happened. She comforted him and supported him from then on. Khadijah’s moral support made Muhammad believe in his mission and her financial support for the early Muslim community was indispensable for the survival of Islam. Apart from a wife Khadijah was like a mother to Muhammad, which might be very similar to the relationship between Mary Magdalene and Jesus as well as Eve and Adam. She may have been Muhammad’s boss in more than one way as she may have been an avatar of God.

Evidence in the Quran for God being a woman is hard to find but the Quran claims that God is the greatest schemer1 and capable of deception.2 The existence of different religions and theological disputes are part of the plan, the Quran claims. Jesus is called Son of Mary in the Quran3 while Christians call him Son of God. This is remarkable because the name of God may have been Mary, a secret only God could know.

Sura 74 of the Quran is named The Hidden Secret or The Cloaked One. It is claimed that the number 19 is related to a hidden secret. The Arabic name for Sura 74 can both be translated to a hidden secret as well as a man wearing a cloak. The man wearing a cloak is Muhammad. The number 19 seems to refer to the number of angels guarding hell.4 But what could be the hidden secret? Explanations of Islamic scholars on the matter aren’t very convincing. Curiously, Sura 19 is named Mary. The hidden secret may be that God was a woman named Mary. The cloak may refer to God appearing to be a man while secretly being a woman.

Featured image: top small written Arab phrase “Umm ul Muminin”(Mother of the believers) then in centre Big written “Khadijah” and bottom small written Arab honoric (phrase or salawat) “Radhi allahu anha”.

1. for instance, Quran 3:54 [link], 7:99 [link], 8:30 [link], 10:21 [link], 13:42 [link]
2. for instance, Quran 4:88 [link], 5:41 [link], 11:34 [link], 14:4 [link]
3. for instance, Quran 2:87 [link], Quran 4:171 [link], Quran 61:6 [link]
4. Quran 74:31 [link]

Sepphoris Mosaic

Sarah, mother of the Jews

Judaism is a matriarchy

This universe might be a virtual reality created for entertainment for someone we call God. And God may use avatars and appear like an ordinary human to us. Hence, quite a few biblical personalities might have been avatars of God. Sarah is the matriarch of the Jews. Jewish tradition holds that Jewishness is inherited via the matriarchal family line so Jews are children of Sarah. This resembles the concept of Christians being born of God and children of God. Hence, Sarah could have been an avatar of God.

This post is part of a series called God Is A Woman And Jesus Was Her Husband. It is advised to read the following articles first in the order suggested below:

Inventing a nation and a religion

Long ago El was the supreme deity of Israel and the goddess Asherah was his wife.1 Baal was also worshipped by the Israelites. Over time El became the generic word for god so the supreme deity of Israel became Yahweh. Asherah then became Yahweh’s wife. When Israel and Judah became kingdoms, the kings were the head of the national religion of Yahweh. The kings of Judah used this religion to exert their authority. Other kingdoms in the region also had national deities, for example Molek was the god of Ammon and the god of Moab was Chemosh.2

Jews began to worship Yahweh alone after the advent of Zoroastrianism, the first major monotheist religion. The prophet Zoroaster believed in a good creator god and an opposite evil power. Zoroastrianism came to prominence around 600 BC in Persia and was widespread at the time the Jewish priests were compiling the Torah. Zoroastrianism exerted a great influence Judaism. Zoroastrianism included messiahs, free will, heaven and hell. Under the influence of Zoroastrianism some of the Greek philosophers around 400 BC became monotheists.

Around 450 BC Jewish society was at the brink of being wiped out. The Persian Emperor Cyrus the Great allowed Jews to return to Israel and commissioned the Jewish temple to be rebuilt. People already living in Israel opposed their return as well as the building of the temple. A political struggle unfolded. After seven decades the Ezra and Nehemiah succeeded in rebuilding the temple. Judaism as a monotheist religion and the identity of Israel as a nation began to take shape. In this era the Torah was written. It was compiled from existing tales and writings, some of them as old as five centuries.3

Archaeological evidence doesn’t support the account of events in the Torah from before the kingdoms of Judah and Israel. The writers of the Torah used sources such as Mesopotamian myths, royal archives and oral traditions, and rewrote them to forward their agenda, which was to preserve Jewish identity around a common religion, history and cultural heritage. The biblical scholar Jacob Wright claims that the stories about Abraham, Isaac, Moses and David may have been based on legends from different local communities connected into a historical narrative to promote a sense of single nation.3

The absence of archaeological evidence for many of the stories in the Torah can be an issue when looking for potential avatars of God. A question that might arise is how could God exist while having played a role in tales that never happened? If this universe is a virtual reality running a script then the contents of the Torah can be the way our creators meant them to be. The potential avatars could have emerged because of some consideration of the editors of the Torah.

How the avatars may have emerged

Wright points out that the authors of the Torah may have refashioned the role of men and women in order to involve men in raising children and preserving Jewish culture. In the Torah men play a significant role in family life while women contributed to military victories. One of the great Jewish heroines was Deborah in the Book Of Judges. Wright contends that these stories were meant to undermine the pretence males had to power. The men in the Torah weren’t valiant warriors.3 For example, Abraham said that his wife was his sister because he was afraid of being killed.4 Isaac did the same.5

The Jews didn’t have the military power to maintain a state of their own. They had little to gain by military adventurism, which was a typical activity on which male power in society was based. Wright thinks that the authors of the Torah recognised this, hence there is no commemoration of the war dead in the Torah.3 Women determined the fate of the most important male prophets and kings such as Moses and David. And so it may be possible to identify potential female avatars of God in the Torah.

Sarah and Abraham

According to the Torah Judaism started off with Sarah and Abraham. God wanted Sarah to become the Mother of the Jews. She became pregnant at the age of 90.6 Jewish tradition holds that Jewishness is inherited via the matriarchal family line. And so Jews are children of Sarah. The will of God coincided with the wishes of Sarah several times. God summoned Hagar to return to her mistress Sarah.7 God told Abraham to send Hagar away when Sarah wanted this.8 The Egyptians were subject to plagues when the Pharaoh tried to make Sarah his wife.9 King Abimelech received threats from God when he tried to do the same.10 Sarah may have been an avatar of God. She may have put up a charade when three angels came along informing Abraham that she would become pregnant.

Asenath and Joseph

According to the Book of Genesis, Joseph was a handsome man. When Joseph was Viceroy of Egypt, he married Asenath, the daughter of an Egyptian high-priest. The Torah tells very little about her. There is an account of this marriage dating from the first century BC. It probably was invented to explain how Joseph came to marry a pagan priestess. According to the story known as Joseph and Asenath, Asenath was proud and despised men, the story tells us, but she became impressed by Joseph’s good looks.11

Joseph at first did not want to marry her because she bowed before idols and did not worship the God of Abraham. Asenath then showed penitence and an angel from heaven came to her chamber to bless the marriage. When she told Joseph of the angel, he changed his mind and decided to marry her.11 Asenath’s penitence and change of faith appear insincere and the result of a desire to marry Joseph. The marriage nevertheless was approved by God. Asenath may have been an avatar of God.

The Quran dedicates an entire chapter of 111 verses to Joseph. It expands on his good looks as well as the desire women had for him.12 Hence, Joseph may have been important to God and his good looks may have been worth mentioning.

Zipporah and Moses

In the Book of Exodus it is written that Moses was married to Zipporah. Zipporah saved Moses’ life. God wanted to kill Moses for neglecting the rite of circumcision of his son. Zipporah averted this by hastily performing the circumcision.13 She apparently knew of God’s intention to kill Moses even though this happened without notice. She apparently also knew the reason why. Zipporah may have been an avatar of God. In the Quran it is written that Moses sighed and said: “My Lord, indeed I am in need for whatever good You would send down to me.” Then one of the daughters of Reuel came to him and invited him to the house where the proposal for marriage was made.14

Bathsheba and David

Bathsheba caused severe embarrassment to King David. She was bathing on a roof where David could see her naked from his palace. David ordered her to come to his palace. She became pregnant after sleeping with him. David then commanded her husband Uriah to go home hoping that he would sleep with her so that the scandal would remain unnoticed. Uriah didn’t comply. David then asked his general to place Uriah in front line of the battle so that he would die. After Uriah died David married Bathsheba.15 The marriage was considered to be a sin but God loved Bathsheba’s son Solomon who was destined to become King.

David lost control over his kingdom so Bathsheba turned out to be a fate changer. The prophet Natan told David that his house would be cursed because of his act.16 David’s eldest son Amnon was killed by his half brother Absalom after he had raped Absalom’s sister Tamar.17 Later Absalom was killed after he had declared himself king and raised a revolt against David at Hebron.18 In this way two potential heirs to the throne were eliminated. In David’s old age Bathsheba secured the succession to the throne of her son Solomon as David had promised this to her.19 An obvious question to ask is why Bathsheba was bathing naked on a roof where David could see her? Bathsheba may have been an avatar of God.

Featured image: Sepphoris Mosaic. Pbs.org. [copyright info]

1. Dijkstra, Meindert (2001). “El the God of Israel-Israel the People of YHWH: On the Origins of Ancient Israelite Yahwism”. In Becking, Bob; Dijkstra, Meindert; Korpel, Marjo C.A.; et al. Only One God?: Monotheism in Ancient Israel and the Veneration of the Goddess Asherah
2. 1 Kings 11:7 [link]
3. Wright, Jacob L. (2014). The Bible’s Prehistory, Purpose, and Political Future. Coursera.
4. Genesis 20:2 [link]
5. Genesis 26:7 [link]
6. Genesis 17:17 [link]
7. Genesis 16:9 [link]
8. Genesis 21:12 [link]
9. Genesis 12:17 [link]
10. Genesis 20:3 [link]
11. Joseph and Aseneth
12. Quran 12 [link]
13. Exodus 4:24-26 [link]
14. Quran 28:24-27 [link]
15. 2 Samuel 11 [link]
16. 2 Samuel 12:10-11 [link]
17. 2 Samuel 13 [link]
18. 2 Samuel 15 [link]
19. 1 Kings 1 [link]

The Last Supper

Born of God

Early Christianity

Scholars agree that it was Paul and not Jesus who defined Christianity as it is today. The earliest extant written sources of Christianity date from decades after the alleged death of Jesus. Early Christians depended on oral traditions and writings that do no longer exist. Oral recounting is notoriously inaccurate and the evidence of redactions in the Gospels makes scholars agree on very little about Jesus of Nazareth, except that he really existed and preached around 30 AD. Perhaps the earliest written sources have been destroyed on purpose. But why? And is it possible to shed some new light on the origins of some of the peculiar dogmas of Christianity?

Bible: Only God Knows What Jesus Really Said
Bible: Only God Knows What Jesus Really Said. Loesje. Loesje.org.

The earliest Christians may have believed that Jesus was a reincarnation of Adam, that Mary Magdalene was a reincarnation of Eve and that Eve is a Mother Goddess and gave birth to Adam, hence Jesus was the Bridegroom as well as the Son of God. This post is part of a series called God Is A Woman And Jesus Was Her Husband. It is advised to read the following articles first in the order suggested below:

Born of God the Father

The Gospel Of John states that Christians are born of God the Father.1 This suggests that the gender of God has been altered in the texts and that God could be a Mother. But if early Christian leaders have been removing evidence of God being a Mother then how they could have overlooked this? The answer probably is that they didn’t. The Gospels were written in Greek or translated into Greek.

Greek mythology allows for such a peculiarity. The goddess Athena was born from the head of the male god Zeus. Nevertheless, if the original sources from which the Gospels were compiled were oral stories or written texts in Hebrew or Aramaic, this phrase might reveal the gender of God, as being born from a male deity comes from Greek mythology and not from the Jewish tradition. The next question might be why? Such a construct could have made a great compromise at a time when many Christians still knew that God is a Mother.

The Jewish deity Yahweh is male so for Jews it may have been easy to accept the change. For others this may have been different. Syria was one of the first areas outside the Jewish territories where Christianity had spread. The acts of the apostles discuss the church in Antioch in 42 AD.2 As there were a substantial number of Christians in Syria already, it would have taken decades to erase an idea like God being a Mother.

The Gospel of John may have been written to cater this particular need, which may have been to bridge the gap between the newly introduced doctrine of God being a Father and the widespread belief that God is a Mother. The letters of Ignatius of Antioch indicate that the Gospel of John was widely used in the early Syrian Christian community.3 This is the Gospel referring to Christians being born of God the Father. In this gospel Jesus called his mother “woman” and not “mother”.3 Calling her “mother” would have caused confusion if Jesus referred to God as Mother too.

Perhaps the most compelling evidence can be found in the Odes Of Solomon. Ode 19 stands out as it has the following lines:

A cup of milk was offered to me: and I drank it in the sweetness of the delight of the Lord.
The Son is the cup, and He who was milked is the Father.
And the Holy Spirit milked Him: because His breasts were full, and it was necessary for Him that His milk should be sufficiently released.
And the Holy Spirit opened His bosom and mingled the milk from the two breasts of the Father; and gave the mixture to the world without their knowing.4

This clue is important for a few reasons. First, it is an old text. It already existed around 100 AD so it probably was even older. Second, it circulated amongst the earliest Christians in Syria. Third, there are no other Christian texts mentioning any gender related attributes of God. Here God is definitely depicted as female despite being called Father. It gives further substance to the argument that the phrase being born of God points at God being a Mother.

The role of Paul

Paul turned Christianity from an obscure Jewish sect into a religion with universal appeal. He altered the message of Christianity so that it was not only meant for the Jews, but for everyone. To do this he made a few compromises, most likely with the consent of other apostles. The adaptations allowed Christianity to expand outside its Jewish origins. It made Paul a controversial figure with Jewish Christians. Over time the non-Jewish Christians began to outnumber the Jews so that Paul’s views won out in the end.

Jesus referred to himself as the Bridegroom5 and the Kingdom Of God is represented as a wedding banquet.6 Hence, the wedding mentioned in the Gospel Of John could have been Jesus’ marriage. It could explain why his mother was occupied with the lack of wine at the party.7 Jesus started doing miracles at this wedding by turning water into wine.8 If Jesus had been married to God, this marriage may have turned him into the Messiah, and that might explain why he started doing miracles from this point on.

Paul was a Jewish scholar. He may have aimed to bring Christianity more in line with the Jewish religion. God being a woman and Jesus being Her husband didn’t fit into this picture. And so the idea of Jesus being married to the Church may have been invented similar the existing concept of God being married to Israel. This brought up new controversies for Jesus had to become God. These issues were resolved by introducing the Trinity, which is God consisting of the Father, the Son and the Holy Spirit.

Paul came from Tarsus. A little known fact about Tarsus is that a god named Attis was worshiped there in Paul’s time. Attis was a dying and resurrecting god who was called the Good Shepard. Attis had a great love, Cybele. On their wedding night, he decided to castrate himself as a sacrifice to her. The parallel between this act and Jesus sacrificing himself for Mary Magdalene may have inspired Paul to apply the Attis-like imagery to Jesus. It may have affected Paul to the point that he advocated abstinence and did not marry. If Jesus had not been married, Paul might have used Jesus’ unmarried status as an argument for his position, but he didn’t. This too suggests that Jesus was married.

The next question may be why the early Christian leaders would have dared to alter the gender of God? It is written that Paul experienced a psychosis in which Jesus appeared to him and called him.9 He wasn’t called by Mary Magdalene. Paul joined Jesus’ followers shortly after Jesus allegedly died. According to the Gospels Jesus did all the miracles. Perhaps Jesus was the only person who experienced evidence of Mary Magdalene being God. Paul may not have believed it and other disciples may have had their doubts too. In the imagery created by Paul, Jesus became a god who sacrificed himself for his bride.

Another issue is that the idea of Eve taking Her son Adam as Her husband is lewd. It made the relationship between Mary Magdalene and Jesus problematic. Perhaps Paul and the other disciples removed the evidence of their relationship for that reason.

During the decades between the alleged death of Jesus and the time when the Gospels were written down, a lot of information was lost or distorted. After forty years most first-hand witnesses were gone and different stories were circulating. It wasn’t difficult for Paul to tweak the narrative and it may even have seemed a good idea too. The Gospels do not suggest that the Bride Of Christ was the Church. Yet, it may not have been Paul who brought his up. Ephesians, the letter in which this idea is introduced, appears to have been written a decade after Paul’s death by one of his followers. Also the seven demons that allegedly troubled Mary Magdalene were not mentioned in the oldest sources of the Gospel of Mark but were added later on.

Equality of the sexes

The surviving records of Jesus’ words and teachings indicate that Jesus believed women to be equal to men. The equality of men and women is rather peculiar within the context of a patriarchal society. Paul saw women as full partners in the Christian movement. The Didache, an early Christian text dating from the first century, implies equality of the sexes. Later on patriarchy was re-established. The texts have been edited to reflect this. For instance, 1 Corinthians 11:2-16 has been added later.10 It contains the claim that the man is the head of the family.

Gnostic gospels

The Gnostic Gospels portray a close relationship between Mary Magdalene and Jesus. One passage names her as Jesus’ companion.11 Another mentions that Jesus loves her more than the other disciples and kisses her often.12 A third notes that Jesus loved her more than the other women.13 The Gnostic gospels don’t suggest that Mary Magdalene was God nor do they portray a marriage between her and Jesus.

The Gnostics were a group of mystics that claimed to have some secret knowledge about Jesus’ teachings and the nature of reality. Jesus claimed that his kingdom is of another world and can’t be observed.14 The Gnostics believed that our physical reality is a trap forged by an evil creator god that keeps us away from the Highest God. The idea of physical reality being separate from the immaterial world of ideas comes from Greek philosophers like Plato. Greek culture influenced the Jews and the early Christians. Gnosticism stressed the importance of individual experience. Gnosticism was banned after Christianity became the official religion of the Roman Empire.

Gnosticism developed gradually from the second century onwards. The Gnostics and the Church started out from the same sources, probably at a time when the evidence of God being a Mother was already suppressed, but not the evidence of Jesus’ close relationship with Mary Magdalene. The different agendas of both groups brought about different modifications. To the Gnostics a close relationship between Mary Magdalene and Jesus probably wasn’t a big issue. For the Church this may have been a different story as Christian theology made Jesus divine. An intimate relationship with Mary Magdalene didn’t fit into this picture.

lastsupperdetail

Beloved disciple

The Gnostic Gospels suggest that Jesus loved Mary Magdalene more than the other disciples. Hence, the Beloved Disciple in the Gospel of John may have been Mary Magdalene. One verse mentions Mary Magdalene and the Beloved Disciple separately,15 which may have been a falsification to obfuscate their intimate relationship. Another verse lists three women, namely Jesus’ aunt, the wife of Clopas, and Mary Magdalene, and then implies that the Beloved Disciple may have been one of them.16 There apparently had been rumours that the Beloved Disciple was immortal.17 This makes sense if the Beloved Disciple was God. The Gospel Of John circulated amongst the early Christians in Syria. This could support the view that this Gospel was written as a compromise at a time when many Christians still believed that God is a Mother.

The contradictions in the accounts of the life of Jesus inspired a number of books like the Da Vinci Code about an alleged conspiracy in the Roman Catholic Church to hide the relationship between Mary Magdalene and Jesus. The Da Vinci Code depends on the idea that the person at the right hand of Jesus in Leonardo da Vinci’s painting of The Last Supper is not the apostle John but Mary Magdalene. Mary Magdalene having been the most important person in Jesus’ life is modern knowledge that was not available to Leonardo da Vinci. Yet, it is peculiar that the Beloved Disciple is believed to have been John while John has a female appearance on many renaissance paintings because of his young age as there might be no coincidence in this universe.

This is a major update on a post that has been published previously.

Featured image: Bible: Only God Knows What Jesus Really Said. Loesje.org.

1. John 1:12-13 [link]
2. Acts 11:19-26 [link]
3. John 2:4 [link], John 19:25 [link]
4. The Lost Bible: Forgotten Scriptures Revealed. J.R. Porter (2001).
5. Luke 5:34 [link], Mark 2:19-20 [link], Matthew 9:15 [link]
6. Matthew 22:2 [link]
7. John 2:3 [link]
8. John 2:9 [link]
9. Acts 9:3-5 [link]
10. Forgery and Counter-forgery: The Use of Literary Deceit in Early Christian Polemics. Bart D. Ehrman (2013).
11. Gospel of Philip: There were three who always walked with the Lord: Mary, his mother, and her sister, and Magdalene, who was called his companion. His sister, his mother and his companion were each a Mary.
12. Gospel of Philip: And the companion of the saviour was Mary Magdalene. Christ loved Mary more than all the disciples, and used to kiss her often. The rest of the disciples were offended by it and expressed disapproval. They said to him, “Why do you love her more than all of us?” The Saviour answered and said to them, “Why do I not love you like her?”
13. Gospel of Mary: Peter said to Mary, “Sister we know that the Saviour loved you more than the rest of woman. Tell us the words of the Saviour which you remember which you know, but we do not, nor have we heard them”. Mary answered and said, “What is hidden from you I will proclaim to you”. And she began to speak to them these words: “I”, she said, “I saw the Lord in a vision and I said to Him, Lord I saw you today in a vision”.
14. Luke 17:20-21 [link]
15. John 20:1-2 [link]
16. John 19:25-27 [link]
17. John 21:21-23 [link]