Mother of the Believers was the title given to the wives of Muhammad but it best suits Khadijah bint Khuwaylid. She was a wealthy merchant and a widow. She was also Muhammad’s employer. Muhammad was twenty-five and Khadijah was forty when she proposed to him. The marriage between Khadijah and Muhammad was both happy and monogamous. When he was without her on his journeys, Muhammad never felt a desire for other women. They had six children of which four daughters survived. Only after the death of Khadijah Muhammad re-married but he didn’t have children with his later wives.
After receiving his first revelation from what appeared to be the Archangel Gabriel Muhammad returned home to Khadijah in a state of terror. He told her what happened. She comforted him and supported him from then on. Khadijah’s moral support made Muhammad believe in his mission and her financial support for the early Muslim community was indispensable for the survival of Islam. Apart from a wife Khadijah was like a mother to Muhammad, which might be very similar to the relationship between Mary Magdalene and Jesus as well as Eve and Adam. She may have been Muhammad’s boss in more than one way as she may have been an avatar of God.
Evidence in the Quran for God being a woman is hard to find but the Quran claims that God is the greatest schemer1 and capable of deception.2 The existence of different religions and theological disputes are part of the plan, the Quran claims. Jesus is called Son of Mary in the Quran3 while Christians call him Son of God. This is remarkable because the name of God may have been Mary, a secret only God could know.
Sura 74 of the Quran is named The Hidden Secret or The Cloaked One. It is claimed that the number 19 is related to a hidden secret. The Arabic name for Sura 74 can both be translated to a hidden secret as well as a man wearing a cloak. The man wearing a cloak is Muhammad. The number 19 seems to refer to the number of angels guarding hell.4 But what could be the hidden secret? Explanations of Islamic scholars on the matter aren’t very convincing. Curiously, Sura 19 is named Mary. The hidden secret may be that God was a woman named Mary. The cloak may refer to God appearing to be a man while secretly being a woman.
Featured image: top small written Arab phrase “Umm ul Muminin”(Mother of the believers) then in centre Big written “Khadijah” and bottom small written Arab honoric (phrase or salawat) “Radhi allahu anha”.
This universe might be a virtual reality created for entertainment for someone we call God. And God may use avatars and appear like an ordinary human to us. Hence, quite a few biblical personalities might have been avatars of God. Sarah is the matriarch of the Jews. Jewish tradition holds that Jewishness is inherited via the matriarchal family line so Jews are children of Sarah. This resembles the concept of Christians being born of God and children of God. Hence, Sarah could have been an avatar of God.
Long ago El was the supreme deity of Israel and the goddess Asherah was his wife.1 Baal was also worshipped by the Israelites. Over time El became the generic word for god so the supreme deity of Israel became Yahweh. Asherah then became Yahweh’s wife. When Israel and Judah became kingdoms, the kings were the head of the national religion of Yahweh. The kings of Judah used this religion to exert their authority. Other kingdoms in the region also had national deities, for example Molek was the god of Ammon and the god of Moab was Chemosh.2
Jews began to worship Yahweh alone after the advent of Zoroastrianism, the first major monotheist religion. The prophet Zoroaster believed in a good creator god and an opposite evil power. Zoroastrianism came to prominence around 600 BC in Persia and was widespread at the time the Jewish priests were compiling the Torah. Zoroastrianism exerted a great influence Judaism. Zoroastrianism included messiahs, free will, heaven and hell. Under the influence of Zoroastrianism some of the Greek philosophers around 400 BC became monotheists.
Around 450 BC Jewish society was at the brink of being wiped out. The Persian Emperor Cyrus the Great allowed Jews to return to Israel and commissioned the Jewish temple to be rebuilt. People already living in Israel opposed their return as well as the building of the temple. A political struggle unfolded. After seven decades the Ezra and Nehemiah succeeded in rebuilding the temple. Judaism as a monotheist religion and the identity of Israel as a nation began to take shape. In this era the Torah was written. It was compiled from existing tales and writings, some of them as old as five centuries.3
Archaeological evidence doesn’t support the account of events in the Torah from before the kingdoms of Judah and Israel. The writers of the Torah used sources such as Mesopotamian myths, royal archives and oral traditions, and rewrote them to forward their agenda, which was to preserve Jewish identity around a common religion, history and cultural heritage. The biblical scholar Jacob Wright claims that the stories about Abraham, Isaac, Moses and David may have been based on legends from different local communities connected into a historical narrative to promote a sense of single nation.3
The absence of archaeological evidence for many of the stories in the Torah can be an issue when looking for potential avatars of God. A question that might arise is how could God exist while having played a role in tales that never happened? If this universe is a virtual reality running a script then the contents of the Torah can be the way our creators meant them to be. The potential avatars could have emerged because of some consideration of the editors of the Torah.
How the avatars may have emerged
Wright points out that the authors of the Torah may have refashioned the role of men and women in order to involve men in raising children and preserving Jewish culture. In the Torah men play a significant role in family life while women contributed to military victories. One of the great Jewish heroines was Deborah in the Book Of Judges. Wright contends that these stories were meant to undermine the pretence males had to power. The men in the Torah weren’t valiant warriors.3 For example, Abraham said that his wife was his sister because he was afraid of being killed.4 Isaac did the same.5
The Jews didn’t have the military power to maintain a state of their own. They had little to gain by military adventurism, which was a typical activity on which male power in society was based. Wright thinks that the authors of the Torah recognised this, hence there is no commemoration of the war dead in the Torah.3 Women determined the fate of the most important male prophets and kings such as Moses and David. And so it may be possible to identify potential female avatars of God in the Torah.
Sarah and Abraham
According to the Torah Judaism started off with Sarah and Abraham. God wanted Sarah to become the Mother of the Jews. She became pregnant at the age of 90.6 Jewish tradition holds that Jewishness is inherited via the matriarchal family line. And so Jews are children of Sarah. The will of God coincided with the wishes of Sarah several times. God summoned Hagar to return to her mistress Sarah.7 God told Abraham to send Hagar away when Sarah wanted this.8 The Egyptians were subject to plagues when the Pharaoh tried to make Sarah his wife.9 King Abimelech received threats from God when he tried to do the same.10 Sarah may have been an avatar of God. She may have put up a charade when three angels came along informing Abraham that she would become pregnant.
Asenath and Joseph
According to the Book of Genesis, Joseph was a handsome man. When Joseph was Viceroy of Egypt, he married Asenath, the daughter of an Egyptian high-priest. The Torah tells very little about her. There is an account of this marriage dating from the first century BC. It probably was invented to explain how Joseph came to marry a pagan priestess. According to the story known as Joseph and Asenath, Asenath was proud and despised men, the story tells us, but she became impressed by Joseph’s good looks.11
Joseph at first did not want to marry her because she bowed before idols and did not worship the God of Abraham. Asenath then showed penitence and an angel from heaven came to her chamber to bless the marriage. When she told Joseph of the angel, he changed his mind and decided to marry her.11 Asenath’s penitence and change of faith appear insincere and the result of a desire to marry Joseph. The marriage nevertheless was approved by God. Asenath may have been an avatar of God.
The Quran dedicates an entire chapter of 111 verses to Joseph. It expands on his good looks as well as the desire women had for him.12 Hence, Joseph may have been important to God and his good looks may have been worth mentioning.
Zipporah and Moses
In the Book of Exodus it is written that Moses was married to Zipporah. Zipporah saved Moses’ life. God wanted to kill Moses for neglecting the rite of circumcision of his son. Zipporah averted this by hastily performing the circumcision.13 She apparently knew of God’s intention to kill Moses even though this happened without notice. She apparently also knew the reason why. Zipporah may have been an avatar of God. In the Quran it is written that Moses sighed and said: “My Lord, indeed I am in need for whatever good You would send down to me.” Then one of the daughters of Reuel came to him and invited him to the house where the proposal for marriage was made.14
Bathsheba and David
Bathsheba caused severe embarrassment to King David. She was bathing on a roof where David could see her naked from his palace. David ordered her to come to his palace. She became pregnant after sleeping with him. David then commanded her husband Uriah to go home hoping that he would sleep with her so that the scandal would remain unnoticed. Uriah didn’t comply. David then asked his general to place Uriah in front line of the battle so that he would die. After Uriah died David married Bathsheba.15 The marriage was considered to be a sin but God loved Bathsheba’s son Solomon who was destined to become King.
David lost control over his kingdom so Bathsheba turned out to be a fate changer. The prophet Natan told David that his house would be cursed because of his act.16 David’s eldest son Amnon was killed by his half brother Absalom after he had raped Absalom’s sister Tamar.17 Later Absalom was killed after he had declared himself king and raised a revolt against David at Hebron.18 In this way two potential heirs to the throne were eliminated. In David’s old age Bathsheba secured the succession to the throne of her son Solomon as David had promised this to her.19 An obvious question to ask is why Bathsheba was bathing naked on a roof where David could see her? Bathsheba may have been an avatar of God.
1. Dijkstra, Meindert (2001). “El the God of Israel-Israel the People of YHWH: On the Origins of Ancient Israelite Yahwism”. In Becking, Bob; Dijkstra, Meindert; Korpel, Marjo C.A.; et al. Only One God?: Monotheism in Ancient Israel and the Veneration of the Goddess Asherah
2. 1 Kings 11:7 [link]
3. Wright, Jacob L. (2014). The Bible’s Prehistory, Purpose, and Political Future. Coursera.
4. Genesis 20:2 [link]
5. Genesis 26:7 [link]
6. Genesis 17:17 [link]
7. Genesis 16:9 [link]
8. Genesis 21:12 [link]
9. Genesis 12:17 [link]
10. Genesis 20:3 [link]
11. Joseph and Aseneth
12. Quran 12 [link]
13. Exodus 4:24-26 [link]
14. Quran 28:24-27 [link]
15. 2 Samuel 11 [link]
16. 2 Samuel 12:10-11 [link]
17. 2 Samuel 13 [link]
18. 2 Samuel 15 [link]
19. 1 Kings 1 [link]
Scholars agree that it was Paul and not Jesus who defined Christianity as it is today. The earliest extant written sources of Christianity date from decades after the alleged death of Jesus. Early Christians depended on oral traditions and writings that do no longer exist. Oral recounting is notoriously inaccurate and the evidence of redactions in the Gospels makes scholars agree on very little about Jesus of Nazareth, except that he really existed and preached around 30 AD. Perhaps the earliest written sources have been destroyed on purpose. But why? And is it possible to shed some new light on the origins of some of the peculiar dogmas of Christianity?
The Gospel Of John states that Christians are born of God the Father.1 This suggests that the gender of God has been altered in the texts and that God could be a Mother. But if early Christian leaders have been removing evidence of God being a Mother then how they could have overlooked this? The answer probably is that they didn’t. The Gospels were written in Greek or translated into Greek.
Greek mythology allows for such a peculiarity. The goddess Athena was born from the head of the male god Zeus. Nevertheless, if the original sources from which the Gospels were compiled were oral stories or written texts in Hebrew or Aramaic, this phrase might reveal the gender of God, as being born from a male deity comes from Greek mythology and not from the Jewish tradition. The next question might be why? Such a construct could have made a great compromise at a time when many Christians still knew that God is a Mother.
The Jewish deity Yahweh is male so for Jews it may have been easy to accept the change. For others this may have been different. Syria was one of the first areas outside the Jewish territories where Christianity had spread. The acts of the apostles discuss the church in Antioch in 42 AD.2 As there were a substantial number of Christians in Syria already, it would have taken decades to erase an idea like God being a Mother.
The Gospel of John may have been written to cater this particular need, which may have been to bridge the gap between the newly introduced doctrine of God being a Father and the widespread belief that God is a Mother. The letters of Ignatius of Antioch indicate that the Gospel of John was widely used in the early Syrian Christian community.3 This is the Gospel referring to Christians being born of God the Father. In this gospel Jesus called his mother “woman” and not “mother”.3 Calling her “mother” would have caused confusion if Jesus referred to God as Mother too.
Perhaps the most compelling evidence can be found in the Odes Of Solomon. Ode 19 stands out as it has the following lines:
A cup of milk was offered to me: and I drank it in the sweetness of the delight of the Lord. The Son is the cup, and He who was milked is the Father. And the Holy Spirit milked Him: because His breasts were full, and it was necessary for Him that His milk should be sufficiently released. And the Holy Spirit opened His bosom and mingled the milk from the two breasts of the Father; and gave the mixture to the world without their knowing.4
This clue is important for a few reasons. First, it is an old text. It already existed around 100 AD so it probably was even older. Second, it circulated amongst the earliest Christians in Syria. Third, there are no other Christian texts mentioning any gender related attributes of God. Here God is definitely depicted as female despite being called Father. It gives further substance to the argument that the phrase being born of God points at God being a Mother.
The role of Paul
Paul turned Christianity from an obscure Jewish sect into a religion with universal appeal. He altered the message of Christianity so that it was not only meant for the Jews, but for everyone. To do this he made a few compromises, most likely with the consent of other apostles. The adaptations allowed Christianity to expand outside its Jewish origins. It made Paul a controversial figure with Jewish Christians. Over time the non-Jewish Christians began to outnumber the Jews so that Paul’s views won out in the end.
Jesus referred to himself as the Bridegroom5 and the Kingdom Of God is represented as a wedding banquet.6 Hence, the wedding mentioned in the Gospel Of John could have been Jesus’ marriage. It could explain why his mother was occupied with the lack of wine at the party.7 Jesus started doing miracles at this wedding by turning water into wine.8 If Jesus had been married to God, this marriage may have turned him into the Messiah, and that might explain why he started doing miracles from this point on.
Paul was a Jewish scholar. He may have aimed to bring Christianity more in line with the Jewish religion. God being a woman and Jesus being Her husband didn’t fit into this picture. And so the idea of Jesus being married to the Church may have been invented similar the existing concept of God being married to Israel. This brought up new controversies for Jesus had to become God. These issues were resolved by introducing the Trinity, which is God consisting of the Father, the Son and the Holy Spirit.
Paul came from Tarsus. A little known fact about Tarsus is that a god named Attis was worshiped there in Paul’s time. Attis was a dying and resurrecting god who was called the Good Shepard. Attis had a great love, Cybele. On their wedding night, he decided to castrate himself as a sacrifice to her. The parallel between this act and Jesus sacrificing himself for Mary Magdalene may have inspired Paul to apply the Attis-like imagery to Jesus. It may have affected Paul to the point that he advocated abstinence and did not marry. If Jesus had not been married, Paul might have used Jesus’ unmarried status as an argument for his position, but he didn’t. This too suggests that Jesus was married.
The next question may be why the early Christian leaders would have dared to alter the gender of God? It is written that Paul experienced a psychosis in which Jesus appeared to him and called him.9 He wasn’t called by Mary Magdalene. Paul joined Jesus’ followers shortly after Jesus allegedly died. According to the Gospels Jesus did all the miracles. Perhaps Jesus was the only person who experienced evidence of Mary Magdalene being God. Paul may not have believed it and other disciples may have had their doubts too. In the imagery created by Paul, Jesus became a god who sacrificed himself for his bride.
Another issue is that the idea of Eve taking Her son Adam as Her husband is lewd. It made the relationship between Mary Magdalene and Jesus problematic. Perhaps Paul and the other disciples removed the evidence of their relationship for that reason.
During the decades between the alleged death of Jesus and the time when the Gospels were written down, a lot of information was lost or distorted. After forty years most first-hand witnesses were gone and different stories were circulating. It wasn’t difficult for Paul to tweak the narrative and it may even have seemed a good idea too. The Gospels do not suggest that the Bride Of Christ was the Church. Yet, it may not have been Paul who brought his up. Ephesians, the letter in which this idea is introduced, appears to have been written a decade after Paul’s death by one of his followers. Also the seven demons that allegedly troubled Mary Magdalene were not mentioned in the oldest sources of the Gospel of Mark but were added later on.
Equality of the sexes
The surviving records of Jesus’ words and teachings indicate that Jesus believed women to be equal to men. The equality of men and women is rather peculiar within the context of a patriarchal society. Paul saw women as full partners in the Christian movement. The Didache, an early Christian text dating from the first century, implies equality of the sexes. Later on patriarchy was re-established. The texts have been edited to reflect this. For instance, 1 Corinthians 11:2-16 has been added later.10 It contains the claim that the man is the head of the family.
The Gnostic Gospels portray a close relationship between Mary Magdalene and Jesus. One passage names her as Jesus’ companion.11 Another mentions that Jesus loves her more than the other disciples and kisses her often.12 A third notes that Jesus loved her more than the other women.13 The Gnostic gospels don’t suggest that Mary Magdalene was God nor do they portray a marriage between her and Jesus.
The Gnostics were a group of mystics that claimed to have some secret knowledge about Jesus’ teachings and the nature of reality. Jesus claimed that his kingdom is of another world and can’t be observed.14 The Gnostics believed that our physical reality is a trap forged by an evil creator god that keeps us away from the Highest God. The idea of physical reality being separate from the immaterial world of ideas comes from Greek philosophers like Plato. Greek culture influenced the Jews and the early Christians. Gnosticism stressed the importance of individual experience. Gnosticism was banned after Christianity became the official religion of the Roman Empire.
Gnosticism developed gradually from the second century onwards. The Gnostics and the Church started out from the same sources, probably at a time when the evidence of God being a Mother was already suppressed, but not the evidence of Jesus’ close relationship with Mary Magdalene. The different agendas of both groups brought about different modifications. To the Gnostics a close relationship between Mary Magdalene and Jesus probably wasn’t a big issue. For the Church this may have been a different story as Christian theology made Jesus divine. An intimate relationship with Mary Magdalene didn’t fit into this picture.
The Gnostic Gospels suggest that Jesus loved Mary Magdalene more than the other disciples. Hence, the Beloved Disciple in the Gospel of John may have been Mary Magdalene. One verse mentions Mary Magdalene and the Beloved Disciple separately,15 which may have been a falsification to obfuscate their intimate relationship. Another verse lists three women, namely Jesus’ aunt, the wife of Clopas, and Mary Magdalene, and then implies that the Beloved Disciple may have been one of them.16 There apparently had been rumours that the Beloved Disciple was immortal.17 This makes sense if the Beloved Disciple was God. The Gospel Of John circulated amongst the early Christians in Syria. This could support the view that this Gospel was written as a compromise at a time when many Christians still believed that God is a Mother.
The contradictions in the accounts of the life of Jesus inspired a number of books like the Da Vinci Code about an alleged conspiracy in the Roman Catholic Church to hide the relationship between Mary Magdalene and Jesus. The Da Vinci Code depends on the idea that the person at the right hand of Jesus in Leonardo da Vinci’s painting of The Last Supper is not the apostle John but Mary Magdalene. Mary Magdalene having been the most important person in Jesus’ life is modern knowledge that was not available to Leonardo da Vinci. Yet, it is peculiar that the Beloved Disciple is believed to have been John while John has a female appearance on many renaissance paintings because of his young age as there might be no coincidence in this universe.
This is a major update on a post that has been published previously.
Featured image: Bible: Only God Knows What Jesus Really Said. Loesje.org.
1. John 1:12-13 [link]
2. Acts 11:19-26 [link]
3. John 2:4 [link], John 19:25 [link]
4. The Lost Bible: Forgotten Scriptures Revealed. J.R. Porter (2001).
5. Luke 5:34 [link], Mark 2:19-20 [link], Matthew 9:15 [link]
6. Matthew 22:2 [link]
7. John 2:3 [link]
8. John 2:9 [link]
9. Acts 9:3-5 [link]
10. Forgery and Counter-forgery: The Use of Literary Deceit in Early Christian Polemics. Bart D. Ehrman (2013).
11. Gospel of Philip: There were three who always walked with the Lord: Mary, his mother, and her sister, and Magdalene, who was called his companion. His sister, his mother and his companion were each a Mary.
12. Gospel of Philip: And the companion of the saviour was Mary Magdalene. Christ loved Mary more than all the disciples, and used to kiss her often. The rest of the disciples were offended by it and expressed disapproval. They said to him, “Why do you love her more than all of us?” The Saviour answered and said to them, “Why do I not love you like her?”
13. Gospel of Mary: Peter said to Mary, “Sister we know that the Saviour loved you more than the rest of woman. Tell us the words of the Saviour which you remember which you know, but we do not, nor have we heard them”. Mary answered and said, “What is hidden from you I will proclaim to you”. And she began to speak to them these words: “I”, she said, “I saw the Lord in a vision and I said to Him, Lord I saw you today in a vision”.
14. Luke 17:20-21 [link]
15. John 20:1-2 [link]
16. John 19:25-27 [link]
17. John 21:21-23 [link]
Female figurines have been found during archaeological excavations. The most famous one is the Venus of Willendorf dating from around 23,000 BC. Some scholars believe these figurines depict mother goddesses. And indeed many ancient cultures had mother goddesses associated with fertility. Women give birth and humans in early civilisations may have thought that women have special powers that enable them to create life. One of the best known mother goddesses was Isis in ancient Egypt.
It has been argued that the worship of mother goddesses disappeared because men desired to control women and their sexuality. This may have happened when caring for children became a family matter rather than a communal affair. Women can be sure that their children are their own but for men this is different. The genes of men who are inclined to raise the children of others tend to die out. And so men may have sought reassurance that the children they cared for are their own. As they could walk out, this commanded a position of power, so that patriarchy may have replaced matriarchy.
The Garden Of Eden is a myth. There is no evidence that Eve and Adam really existed. Nevertheless the tale reflects the transition from hunting and gathering to agriculture. The life of hunter gatherers was far more agreeable than the plight of the farmers that came later on.1 The Garden Of Eden provided for everything and it resembled the life of hunter gatherers. Adam was banished from the Garden of Eden to work the ground,2 which was a life of toil.3
God appears to be male in the Jewish Torah and the Quran but many believe that God has no gender. Historically Yahweh and Allah have been male gods. Before monotheism took over, Yahweh and Allah had a wife and children. Jews and Muslims do not see God as a Father like Christians do, even though there are a few references to God as a Father4 and a Mother5 in the Torah. Remarkably the God of the Christians can give birth6 so perhaps God is a Mother after all.
The Jews invented the deity Yahweh, also known as the God Of Abraham, but the owner of this universe may have used this deity for Her plan. God may have devised a scheme to disguise Her identity using Virgin Mary as a substitute. The veneration of Virgin Mary as a mother already existed in early Christianity. Perhaps it was introduced to replace an earlier form of worship of the Mother Goddess Mary Magdalene. Centuries later statues and icons of Virgin Mary with the child Jesus have been made similar to those of the Egyptian mother goddess Isis with her child Horus.
This is in violation of the command not to make images for worship.7 Nevertheless, the transgression appears part of the scheme. The Mother Goddess Mary, who may have been eliminated from the Gospels, re-entered the Church via a back door. As many prayers were directed to Virgin Mary, she became a proxy for God. The protestant reformation aimed at returning to the roots of Christianity. But their reform was based entirely on the scriptures, and ignorant of the possibility of church traditions like Virgin Mary veneration being reflections of the original message of Christianity.
The creation story in Genesis may have been redacted. The designation ‘mother of all the living’ suggests that Eve may have been a Mother Goddess.8 Genesis 1 already contains a creation story explaining how men and women were created.9 Hence, the creation of Adam and Eve in Genesis 2 is at odds with Genesis 1. It is also peculiar that the woman was made from a rib of the man10 as women usually give birth to men. Adam is simply referred to as ‘the man’11 while Eve is referred to as ‘mother of all the living’.12 Adam calling Eve mother of all the living before they had any children suggests tampering. It is also hard to believe that Eve and Adam were the only people as their children married.
Eve being the Mother Goddess makes all these contradictions disappear. And that is a remarkable coincidence as scholars believe that Genesis 1 and Genesis 2 were based on two different creation myths. Perhaps the original creation myth was that the Mother Goddess Eve felt lonely and wanted a husband for Herself. And so She created one by giving birth. It seems unlikely that Jesus figured this out all by himself so it appears that Mary Magdalene told him this. The Quran mentions the creation of Adam extensively but says little about the creation of Eve, hence Eve may not have been created. The Quran primarily blames Adam for the Fall and leaves Eve mostly out of the picture. The Quran claims that Adam listened to the voice of Satan, without implicating Eve.13
Adam seems to have been present while the serpent was talking to Eve.14 So why didn’t Adam participate in the discussion? And why could Eve talk to a snake, and perhaps why could Adam not? Ordinary humans can’t talk to snakes. Serpents have been associated with some of the oldest rituals known to humankind. The serpent is a universal symbol of death, healing, and rebirth.15 It could represent wisdom, good as well as evil.15 Mother Goddesses sometimes had serpents as their sidekicks helping them in doing their magic.15 And so the discussion between Eve and the serpent might have been about whether or not Adam could be introduced into their knowledge represented by the Tree of Knowledge. The serpent may have convinced Eve that it was a good idea. Apparently it didn’t work out well. And so Jesus might have sacrificed himself on the cross to redeem himself and mankind as he might have believed himself to be the reincarnation of Adam.
The star and crescent became the symbol for Islam. This symbol has a long history predating Islam and it was formally associated with a Moon goddess. In the Biblical context it has different meaning. In the Biblical story of Joseph the Moon symbolises the woman while the star symbolises the child.16 Hence, the Islamic symbol may represent the Mother Goddess with the child, just like the Madonna with the child Jesus.
The St. Mary of Zion Church in Ethiopia is said to contain the Ark of the Covenant. It is claimed that the Ark came to Ethiopia with King Menelik after he visited his father King Solomon. Mary of Zion is symbolised by the Ark of the Covenant.17 That is a remarkable coincidence. The ark allegedly was the residence of Yahweh, the God of Israel. This coincidence too may indicate that God is a woman, also for the Rastafarians.
Featured image: Eve in the Garden Of Eden. Henri Rousseau (1906-1910). Public Domain. Wikimedia Commons.
Other images: Venus of Willendorf. Don Hitchcock (2008). Wikimedia Commons; Isis with Horus. Metropolitan Museum of Art. Public Domain. Wikimedia Commons; Saint Mary Bolnichka Icon. Public Domain. Wikimedia Commons.
1. A Brief History Of Humankind. Yuval Noah Harari (2014). Harvil Secker.
2. Genesis 3:23 [link]
3. Genesis 3:17-19 [link]
4. Isaiah 63:16 [link]
5. Isaiah 66:13 [link]
6. John 1:13 [link]
7. Exodus 20:4-5 [link]
8. Asherah – Wikipedia [link]: Some scholars have found an early link between Asherah and Eve, based upon the coincidence of their common title as “the mother of all living” in Genesis 3:20 through the identification with the Hurrian mother goddess Hebat. Asherah was also given the title Chawat from which the name Hawwah in Aramaic and the biblical name Eve are derived.
9. Genesis 1:27 [link]
10. Genesis 2:22 [link]
11. Genesis 2:20 [link]
12. Genesis 3:20 [link]
13. Quran 20:115-121 [link]
14. Genesis 3:6 [link]
15. Serpent (Symbolism) – Wikipedia [link]
16. Genesis 37:9 [link]
17. Church of Our Lady Mary of Zion – Wikipedia [link]
Jesus was one of the end time prophets travelling around in Israel and Palestine at a time when the Jews began to resist Roman occupation. He stood at the cradle of Christianity, a global religion with more than two billion followers, an enigma that baffles historians. Six centuries later, in an equally astounding turn of history, a small band of Arab warriors created an empire that stretched from the Atlantic to India. They spread a religion called Islam. These historic turns made the God of Abraham the dominant deity on the planet, a promise allegedly made to Abraham.1
This universe might be a virtual reality created by an advanced civilisation for the purpose of entertaining someone we call God. If that is true then God might use avatars and appear as an ordinary human to us. The Gospels state that Jesus had a personal and intimate relationship with God so Jesus may have known the avatar of God personally. Scholars agree that the Gospels have been edited.2 Apparently God is a ‘Father’ who can give birth.3 Jesus is referred to as the Bridegroom and Son of God. There is a possible explanation that can also shed some light on why Jesus felt he was so special that he believed that no one comes to God except through him.4
It makes little sense that a woman was created from the rib of a man. It makes more sense that the woman gave birth to the man. Mary Magdalene may have convinced Jesus that Eve was the mother of Adam. The Quran mentions the creation of Adam extensively but tells little about the creation of Eve. The Quran states that Jesus’ creation is like that of Adam and that they were both created from dust.12 It may indicate that Adam was born as the first son of the virgin Eve and that God can perform such miracles as the Quran also contends that Mary, the mother of Jesus, was a virgin.13
The Jewish scriptures allow for the idea that Abraham was a husband of God like Joseph, Moses and David. Muhammad might have been God’s husband too. At the age of twenty-five he married his boss, the forty year old merchant Khadijah Bint Khuwaylid. She had been married before and could have been his mother. Khadijah was the first to convert to Islam and her support was invaluable to his mission. Avatars of God may have played a significant role in history. And God could still be dwelling amongst us like an ordinary human.
What if God was one of us? Just a slob like one of us Just a stranger on the bus Trying to make his way home? Just trying to make his way home Like back up to heaven all alone Nobody calling on the phone Except for the Pope maybe in Rome And yeah, yeah, God is great Yeah, yeah, God is good And yeah, yeah, yeah-yeah-yeah
– Joan Osborne, What If God Was One Of Us
Featured image: Lucretia Garfield. Library Of Congres.
1. Genesis 12:3 [link]
2. Jesus Before the Gospels: How the Earliest Christians Remembered, Changed, and Invented Their Stories of the Saviour. Bart Ehrman (2016). Harper Collins Publishers.
3. John 1:12-13 [link]
4. John 14:6 [link]
5. Genesis 3:20 [link]
6. Luke 3:38 [link]
7. Colossians 1:15 [link]
8. John 17:23-26 [link]
9. John 10:30 [link]
10. Mark 10:8 [link], Matthew 19:5 [link]
11. 1 John 4:16 [link]
12. Quran 3:59 [link]
13. Quran 3:47 [link]