Roman sculpture of Cleopatra wearing a royal diadem

History is Her story, part 1

Clue based guessing

If God is a woman and history is a script then history is Her story and the pun could be intended. In that case it is possible that God uses avatars to play a role in Her story. Several important women in history may have been avatars of God. But how can we know who they were? There may be an answer to this question.

Despite his bumbling and clumsy appearance, Chief Inspector Jacques Clouseau was always able to solve the mystery. He was guided by a hunch and some vague clues that only made sense in his mind. How could a clown like him be right while the apparently competent were not? The answer is that Jacques Clouseau was a fictional character in a story. The plot was always that Clouseau is right.

There were only vague clues for me to work with, most notably coincidences. Many of them weren’t that peculiar as they could have happened by chance. And so this investigation became a clue based guessing exercise Clouseau style. The outcome can be accurate if this is a story and the plot is that I am right. I am quite confident that this is a story but perhaps I am not accurate. Mediums can be more accurate than chance allows for, even though they are often off the mark. And I could the medium for this message.

There is an overlap between the lifespans of some of the mentioned characters. That can be explained in several ways. Some of the guesses may be erroneous. Alternatively, God may be able to take over a character during her lifetime, for instance by skipping the childhood years. And God may be able to go back in time. Nevertheless, the gaps are far greater than the overlaps, so most avatars of God may never be known.

Bust of Nefertiti
Bust of Nefertiti from the Egyptian Museum in Berlin.

Nefertiti

The Egyptian Pharaoh Akhenaten and his wife Nefertiti (1370-1330 BC) invented monotheism. They worshiped a single god, which was the sun disk named Aten. They broke with tradition and tried to annihilate the worship of other gods. For that reason Nefertiti may have been an avatar of God. After their reign, traditional beliefs were restored.

Cassandane

Cyrus the Great was one of the first universal kings who ruled many peoples. He was one of the first multicultural rulers as he respected the customs and religions of the lands he conquered. In Judaism he is considered to be a Messiah because he allowed the Jews to return to Israel and financed the building of the Second Temple.

The fate of a Messiah is often to be married to God so wife Cassandane (567-537 BC) may have been an avatar of God. Cyrus and Cassandane loved each other very much. When she died all the nations of Cyrus’ empire observed a great mourning. Their daughter Atossa later married Darius the Great and bore him Xerxes I.

Cyrus is seen as one of the greatest leaders ever. Iranians still regard him as The Father. Despite having been such a great leader and a Jewish Messiah, Cyrus died in the hands of a woman. This is a bit peculiar considering that God may be a woman. He was defeated by Queen Tomyris after he tried to invade her kingdom.

Roman medallion with Olympias
Roman medallion with Olympias, Museum of Thessaloniki.

Olympias, mother of Alexander the Great

Olympias (376-316 BC) was the mother of Alexander the Great. Alexander the Great was able to create a large empire in a short time. His lasting legacy is the spread of Greek culture. Olympias, who was married to King Philip II, insisted that Alexander was the son of Zeus, which was confirmed to Alexander by an oracle. The title Son of Zeus is similar to Son of God. If Olympias was an avatar of God, this is a remarkable coincidence.

According to the Greek historian Plutarch, Olympias dreamt that her womb was struck by a thunder bolt on the eve of the consummation of her marriage to Philip. Philip was said to have seen himself in a dream sealing up his wife’s womb with a seal. Plutarch offered several interpretations of these dreams, for example that Alexander’s father was Zeus. This story is similar to Virgin Mary giving birth to Jesus.

Jews see Alexander the Great as a Messiah. The Christians of the Near East made a saint out of him. They combined legends about Alexander with Biblical tales such as those about Gog and Magog. The Quran mentions Alexander the Great as a prophet. At primary school there was a boy named Alexander the Great in my class. With the benefit of hindsight this peculiar coincidence might be a clue.

Queen Dowager Zhao

Queen Dowager Zhao (280-228 BC) was the mother of the first emperor of China, Qin Shi Huang, a brutal ruler who unified China. Qin Shi Huang introduced reforms and projects like a central administration, a standardised script, canals and a national road system. He also standardised the Chinese units of measurements for weights and measures, the currency, and the length of the axles of carts.

Queen Dowager Zhao was a daughter of a prominent family. She was a concubine of the merchant Lü Buwei, who gave her to his protegé, Prince Yiren of Qin. Thanks to Lü’s intervention, Prince Yiren became the King of the Kingdom of Qin. He was later named King Zhuangxiang. His son succeeded him and became named Qin Shi Huang.

Queen Dowager Zhao allegedly had an affair with Lü Buwei after King Zhuangxiang died. Lü Buwei feared that the Emperor would find out so he decided to look for a replacement for the Queen. He arranged a man for her, Lao Ai, who was disguised as a eunuch. Lao Ai and the Queen got along well and had two sons together.

My son sometimes called himself ‘the Emperor of China’ as he was often ordering his parents. We were making a joke out of it and called him King Rob. He however insisted that he was the Emperor of China. “The Emperor of China demands cheese,” he said jokingly. During my psychosis I read an article about Qin Shi Huang in a magazine we were subscribed to, so I consider this to be a clue.

Roman sculpture of Cleopatra wearing a royal diadem
Roman sculpture of Cleopatra wearing a royal diadem

Cleopatra

Cleopatra (69-30 BC) was the last Pharaoh of Ancient Egypt and she presented herself as a reincarnation of the Egyptian goddess Isis. Egyptian Pharaohs were seen as deputies of the gods but Cleopatra claimed to be a goddess herself. Cleopatra was a great beauty complemented with wit, charm and a sweet voice. Cleopatra was able to conquer the world’s most powerful men. She made Julius Caesar abandon his plans to annex Egypt and back her claim to the throne.

Julius Caesar had the same initials as Jesus Christ. During my psychosis I stumbled upon an article in a magazine about some people claiming that Romans invented the story of Jesus Christ based on the life of Julius Caesar. According to them Jesus never existed. There is no historic evidence of the existence of Jesus, they claimed. That might be a clue.

Empress Theodora

Empress Theodora (500-548) was one of the most powerful and influential woman in Roman history. A contemporary official claimed that she was superior in intelligence to any man. Her husband, Emperor Justinian recognised this as well. He allowed her to share his throne and take part in decision-making.

As a young woman Theodora earned her living as an actress, which included prostitution. She gave up her former lifestyle and settled as a wool spinner near the palace in Constantinople. Her beauty, wit and amusing character drew attention from Justinian. Justinian married Theodora when she already had a daughter.

During the Nika Riots in Constantinople, rioters set public buildings on fire and proclaimed a new Emperor. Justinian and his officials prepared to flee but Theodora spoke out against this plan. Her determined speech convinced them to stay. Justinian ordered his loyal troops to attack the demonstrators. The revolt was then subdued.

After the revolt, Justinian and Theodora ordered Constantinople to be rebuilt. It became the most splendid city of the world. The works included building aqueducts, bridges and churches, including the Hagia Sophia, which is considered one of the architectural wonders of the world. Theodora participated in Justinian’s legal and spiritual reforms. She was also involved in the increase of the rights of women.

Maria, daughter of Harald III of Norway

Harald Sigurdsson was King of Norway from 1046 until 1066. When he was young, he had to flee Norway. He and his men went to Russia, where they served in the army of Yaroslav I the Wise. Later they became a mercenaries in the Byzantine army. There Harald was imprisoned because of a palace intrigue but he managed to escape. The Chronicle of the Kings of Norway Saga of Harald Hardrade mentions the following:

There was a young and beautiful girl called Maria, a brother’s daughter of the empress Zoe, and Harald had paid his addresses to her; but the empress had given him a refusal.

Based on the saga, Michael Ennis wrote a novel named Byzantium in which he speculated about a passionate love affair between Maria and Harald. They tried to escape Constantinople together but a Russian fleet attacked Constantinople at the same time. During the battle Maria died but Harald managed to get out. In 1046 he returned to Norway and became King. Because of my interest in history, and most notably the Byzantine Empire, I have read the novel somewhere around 2005.

Harald died when he invaded England in 1066. His daughter Maria died on the same day in Norway, which is a peculiar coincidence, also because of the connection of this event with D-Day. In his book Ennis suggests that she was the reincarnation of his former lover Maria who wanted to be with Harald and therefore dropped dead when he died.

If you choose to reincarnate into whom you want, and can drop dead at the time of your choosing, you have full control over your fate. In othe words, you can choose your own avatar. That could be a clue and me reading this particular novel might not have been an accident as I do not read many novels (probably one every few years).

The Finnish metal band Turisas dedicated a song named The Great Escape to Harald. The Great Escape is also the name of the lead song of Ilse DeLange’s album The Great Escape, which appears to contain a hidden message from God. What this message might be, will be discussed later on. For now, it is sufficient to notice that this too could be a clue.

Hildegard Von Bingen
Hildegard Von Bingen

Hildegard von Bingen

Hildegard von Bingen (1098-1179) was a 12th century nun. She was an author, counsellor, linguist, scientist, philosopher, physician, herbalist, poet, visionary and composer. She corresponded with Popes, statesmen and Emperors and other notable figures. Abbots and abbesses asked her for prayers and opinions on various matters. She travelled a lot during her preaching tours.

Hildegard von Bingen claimed she had visions. She said she had unusual perceptions at the age of three. By the age of five she began to understand that these were visions. Von Bingen claimed she saw all things in the light of God through the senses: sight, hearing, taste, smell, and touch. She spoke out against church practises such as simony.

Von Bingen wrote that woman may be made from man, but no man can be made without a woman. She promoted chastity but also described a female orgasm. According to Von Bingen, Adam had a pure voice and joined the angels in singing praises to God before the Fall. At the time she lived, an anonymous monk in the Netherlands wrote down the oldest known written sentence of the Dutch language:

hebban olla uogala nestas hagunnan hinase hic anda thu uuat unbidan uue nu.

The English translation for this sentence is: “Have all birds started nests except me and you. Do we start now?” At primary school a teacher told us about this old text. These lines remained in my mind since then and I later imagined a Gregorian chant based on these words when Sadeness from Enigma was a popular song.

It is peculiar that a monk would write down a love rhyme. These lines intrigued me for no apparent reason. During my psychosis I came to imagine that the monk may have had a vision about Hildegard von Bingen, also for no apparent reason. This could be a clue.

15th century miniature depicting Joan Of Arc
15th century miniature depicting Joan Of Arc

Joan of Arc

Joan of Arc (1412-1431) was an uneducated peasant girl from an obscure village in Northern France. In 1429 large parts of France were under foreign control. After years of humiliating defeats, the leadership of France was demoralised and discredited. Joan of Arc led the French army to several important victories during the Hundred Years’ War against England and its ally Burgundy.

She claimed to have divine guidance. Recent scholars explained her visions as a disease but documents from her own era indicate that she was healthy and sane. She was captured by the Burgundians and burned at the stake at the age of nineteen. Her actions changed the outcome of the war and had a major impact on history as France came out victorious from a hopeless position.

Featured image: Roman sculpture of Cleopatra wearing a royal diadem. Altes Museum in Germany. Wikipedia. Public Domain.

Khadijah, mother of the believers

Mother of the Believers is the title given to the wives of Muhammad. It best suits Khadijah bint Khuwaylid. She was a wealthy merchant and a widow and Muhammad’s employer. Muhammad was twenty-five and Khadijah was forty when she proposed to him. The marriage between Khadijah and Muhammad was happy and monogamous. When he was on his journeys, Muhammad never felt a desire for other women. They had six children of which four daughters survived. Only after the death of Khadijah Muhammad re-married but he didn’t have children with his later wives.

According to Islamic accounts, Muhammad returned home to Khadijah in a state of terror after receiving his first revelation from what appeared to be the Archangel Gabriel. He told her what happened. She comforted him and supported him from then on. Khadijah’s moral support made Muhammad believe in his mission and her financial support was indispensable for the survival of Islam in its early days. Apart from a wife Khadijah was like a mother to Muhammad, which might be very similar to the relationship between Mary Magdalene and Jesus as well as Eve and Adam. She may have been Muhammad’s boss in more than one way as she may have been an avatar of God.

Evidence in the Quran for God being a woman is hard to find but the Quran claims that God is the greatest schemer1 and capable of deception.2 The existence of different religions and theological disputes are part of the plan, the Quran claims. Jesus is called Son of Mary in the Quran3 while Christians call him Son of God. This is a remarkable coincidence because God’s name may have been Mary.

Except for Mary, the mother of Jesus, no woman is mentioned by name in the Quran. If God is the source of the Quran, and God has been many of the women mentioned in the Torah and the Gospel, She might have avoided speaking about Herself in the third person as much as possible. Sura 19 is dedicated to Mary. The Quran also claims that Mary was a virgin when she gave birth to Jesus. The virgin birth, which is the miracle of the Mother Goddess, is claimed to be one of God’s greatest miracles.

Sura 74 of the Quran is named The Hidden Secret or The Cloaked One. It is claimed that the number 19 is related to a hidden secret. The Arabic name for Sura 74 can both be translated to a hidden secret as well as a man wearing a cloak. The man wearing a cloak is Muhammad. The number 19 seems to refer to the number of angels guarding hell.4 But what could be the hidden secret? Sura 19 is named Mary. The hidden secret may be that God was a woman named Mary, a secret only God could know. The cloak may refer to God appearing to be a man while secretly being a woman.

Featured image: top small written Arab phrase “Umm ul Muminin”(Mother of the believers) then in centre Big written “Khadijah” and bottom small written Arab honoric (phrase or salawat) “Radhi allahu anha”.

1. for instance, Quran 3:54 [link], 7:99 [link], 8:30 [link], 10:21 [link], 13:42 [link]
2. for instance, Quran 4:88 [link], 5:41 [link], 11:34 [link], 14:4 [link]
3. for instance, Quran 2:87 [link], Quran 4:171 [link], Quran 61:6 [link]
4. Quran 74:31 [link]

Sepphoris Mosaic

Sarah, mother of the Jews

Judaism as a matriarchy

This universe might be a virtual reality created for entertainment for someone we call God. And God may use avatars and appear like an ordinary human to us. Hence, quite a few biblical personalities might have been avatars of God. Sarah is the matriarch of the Jews. Jewish tradition holds that Jewishness is inherited via the matriarchal family line so Jews are children of Sarah. This resembles the concept of Christians being born of God and children of God. Hence, Sarah could have been an avatar of God.

Inventing a nation and a religion

El was the supreme deity of Israel and the goddess Asherah was his wife.1 Baal was also worshipped by the Israelites. Over time El became the generic word for god so the supreme deity of Israel became Yahweh. Asherah then became Yahweh’s wife. When Israel and Judah became kingdoms, the kings were the head of the national religion of Yahweh. The kings of Judah used this religion to exert their authority. Other kingdoms in the region also had national deities, for example Molek was the god of Ammon and the god of Moab was Chemosh.2

Jews began to worship Yahweh alone after the advent of Zoroastrianism, the first major monotheist religion. The prophet Zoroaster believed in a good creator god and an opposite evil power. Zoroastrianism came to prominence around 600 BC in Persia and was widespread at the time the Jewish priests were compiling the Torah. Zoroastrianism exerted a great influence Judaism. Zoroastrianism included messiahs, free will, heaven and hell. Under the influence of Zoroastrianism some of the Greek philosophers around 400 BC also became monotheists.

Around 450 BC Jewish society was at the brink of being wiped out. The Persian Emperor Cyrus the Great allowed Jews to return to Israel and commissioned the Jewish temple to be rebuilt. People already living in Israel opposed their return as well as the building of the temple. A political struggle unfolded. After seven decades the Ezra and Nehemiah succeeded in rebuilding the temple. Judaism as a monotheist religion and the identity of Israel as a nation began to take shape. In this era the Torah was written. It was compiled from existing tales and writings, some of them as old as five centuries.3

Archaeological evidence doesn’t support the account of events in the Torah from before the kingdoms of Judah and Israel. The writers of the Torah used sources such as Mesopotamian myths, royal archives and oral traditions, and rewrote them to forward their agenda, which was to preserve Jewish identity around a common religion, history and cultural heritage. The biblical scholar Jacob Wright claims that the stories about Abraham, Isaac, Moses and David may have been based on legends from different local communities connected into a historical narrative to promote a sense of single nation.3

The absence of archaeological evidence can be an issue when looking for potential avatars of God. A question that might arise is how could God have played roles in tales that never happened? If this universe is a virtual reality running a script then the contents of the Torah can be the way our creators meant them to be. The possible avatars could have emerged because of some consideration of the editors of the Torah.

How the avatars may have emerged

Wright points out that the authors of the Torah may have refashioned the role of men and women in order to involve men in raising children and preserving Jewish culture. In the Torah men play a significant role in family life while women contributed to military victories. One of the great Jewish heroines was Deborah in the Book Of Judges. Wright contends that these stories were meant to undermine the pretence males had to power. The men in the Torah weren’t valiant warriors.3 For example, Abraham said that his wife was his sister because he was afraid of being killed.4 Isaac did the same.5

The Jews didn’t have the military power to maintain a state of their own. They had little to gain by military adventurism, which was a typical activity on which male power in society was based. Wright thinks that the authors of the Torah recognised this, hence there is no commemoration of the war dead in the Torah.3 A similar consideration might have caused women to determine the fate of the most important male prophets and kings such as Moses and David. And so it may be possible to identify potential avatars of God in the Torah in stories that may never have happened.

Sarah and Abraham

According to the Torah Judaism started off with Sarah and Abraham. God wanted Sarah to become the Mother of the Jews. She became pregnant at the age of 90.6 Jewish tradition holds that Jewishness is inherited via the matriarchal family line. And so Jews are children of Sarah. The will of God coincided with the wishes of Sarah several times. God summoned Hagar to return to her mistress Sarah.7 God told Abraham to send Hagar away when Sarah wanted this.8 The Egyptians were subject to plagues when the Pharaoh tried to make Sarah his wife.9 King Abimelech received threats from God when he tried to do the same.10 Sarah may have been an avatar of God. She may have put up a charade when three angels came along informing Abraham that she would become pregnant.

Asenath and Joseph

According to the Book of Genesis, Joseph was a handsome man. When Joseph was Viceroy of Egypt, he married Asenath, the daughter of an Egyptian high-priest. The Torah tells very little about her. There is an account of this marriage dating from the first century BC. It probably was invented to explain how Joseph came to marry a pagan priestess. According to the story known as Joseph and Asenath, Asenath was proud and despised men, the story tells us, but she became impressed by Joseph’s good looks.11

Joseph at first did not want to marry her because she bowed before idols and did not worship the God of Abraham. Asenath then showed penitence and an angel from heaven came to her chamber to bless the marriage. When she told Joseph of the angel, he changed his mind and decided to marry her.11 Asenath’s penitence and change of faith appear insincere and the result of a desire to marry Joseph. The marriage nevertheless was approved by God. Asenath may have been an avatar of God.

The Quran dedicates an entire chapter of 111 verses to Joseph. It expands on his good looks as well as the desire women had for him.12 Hence, Joseph may have been important to God and his good looks may have been worth mentioning.

Zipporah and Moses

In the Book of Exodus it is written that Moses was married to Zipporah. Zipporah saved Moses’ life. God wanted to kill Moses for neglecting the rite of circumcision of his son. Zipporah averted this by hastily performing the circumcision.13 She apparently knew of God’s intention to kill Moses even though this happened without notice. She apparently also knew the reason why. Zipporah may have been an avatar of God. In the Quran it is written that Moses sighed and said: “My Lord, indeed I am in need for whatever good You would send down to me.” Then one of the daughters of Reuel came to him and invited him to the house where the proposal for marriage was made.14

Bathsheba and David

Bathsheba caused severe embarrassment to King David. She was bathing on a roof where David could see her naked from his palace. David ordered her to come to his palace. She became pregnant after sleeping with him. David then commanded her husband Uriah to go home hoping that he would sleep with her so that the scandal would remain unnoticed. Uriah didn’t comply. David then asked his general to place Uriah in front line of the battle so that he would die. After Uriah died David married Bathsheba.15 The marriage was considered to be a sin but God loved Bathsheba’s son Solomon who was destined to become King.

Bathsheba turned out to be a fate changer. The prophet Natan told David that his house would be cursed because of his act.16 David’s eldest son Amnon was killed by his half brother Absalom after he had raped Absalom’s sister Tamar.17 Later Absalom was killed after he had declared himself king and raised a revolt against David at Hebron.18 In this way two potential heirs to the throne were eliminated. In David’s old age Bathsheba secured the succession to the throne of her son Solomon as David had promised this to her.19 Bathsheba was a possible avatar of God.

The name Bathsheba can be split up in Bath and Sheba. This is a bit peculiar as she may have seduced David by bathing naked while the Queen of Sheba later visited David’s son Solomon. Hence, the Queen of Sheba was also a possible avatar of God.

Featured image: Sepphoris Mosaic. Pbs.org. [copyright info]

1. Dijkstra, Meindert (2001). “El the God of Israel-Israel the People of YHWH: On the Origins of Ancient Israelite Yahwism”. In Becking, Bob; Dijkstra, Meindert; Korpel, Marjo C.A.; et al. Only One God?: Monotheism in Ancient Israel and the Veneration of the Goddess Asherah
2. 1 Kings 11:7 [link]
3. Wright, Jacob L. (2014). The Bible’s Prehistory, Purpose, and Political Future. Coursera.
4. Genesis 20:2 [link]
5. Genesis 26:7 [link]
6. Genesis 17:17 [link]
7. Genesis 16:9 [link]
8. Genesis 21:12 [link]
9. Genesis 12:17 [link]
10. Genesis 20:3 [link]
11. Joseph and Aseneth
12. Quran 12 [link]
13. Exodus 4:24-26 [link]
14. Quran 28:24-27 [link]
15. 2 Samuel 11 [link]
16. 2 Samuel 12:10-11 [link]
17. 2 Samuel 13 [link]
18. 2 Samuel 15 [link]
19. 1 Kings 1 [link]

The Last Supper

Born of God

The Jesus mystery

The gospels state that Jesus believed that God was his ‘Father’, that he had eternal life and that he already existed at the beginning of creation, and that he was the Bridegroom and that being the Bridegroom was part of his mission. Biblical scholars have difficulty explaining these peculiar beliefs that many Christians accept without questioning. Is it possible to shed some more light on these peculiar dogmas of Christianity?

Bible: Only God Knows What Jesus Really Said
Bible: Only God Knows What Jesus Really Said. Loesje. Loesje.org.

Perhaps it is possible. The mystery can be explained by assuming that the earliest Christians believed that Jesus was a reincarnation of Adam, that Mary Magdalene was a reincarnation of Eve and that Eve is a Mother Goddess who gave birth to Adam, and by doing so became the Mother of the rest of humanity. In this way Jesus was the Bridegroom as well as the Son of God, while Christians can be called children of God.

Born of God the Father

The Gospel Of John differs from the other gospels. It states that Christians are born of God the Father.1 Men cannot give birth. Perhaps the gender of God has been obfuscated and God is a Mother. A question that may arise is that if the early Christian leaders have removed the evidence of God being a Mother then how could they have overlooked this? The answer is that they probably didn’t.

The Gospels were written in Greek or translated into Greek. Greek mythology allows for such a peculiarity. The goddess Athena was born from the head of the male god Zeus. Perhaps for that reason Jesus is referred to as ‘godhead’ in some of the letters of the Church Fathers. In most translations this word is replaced by terms like ‘divinity’, ‘divine nature’ and ‘divine being’.2

If the original sources from which the Gospel of John was compiled were oral stories or written texts in Hebrew or Aramaic, this phrase might reveal the gender of God, as being born from a male deity comes from Greek mythology and not from the Jewish tradition and religion. The next question might be why? Such a construct could have made a great compromise at a time when many Christians still believed that God is a Mother.

The Jewish deity Yahweh is male so for Jewish Christians it may have been easy to accept the change. For others this may have been different. Syria was one of the first gentile areas where Christianity had spread. The acts of the apostles discuss the church in Antioch as early as 42 AD.3 As there were a substantial number of Christians in Syria already, it would have taken time to erase an established idea like God being a Mother.

The Gospel of John may have been written to cater this particular need, and to bridge the gap between the Pauline doctrine of God being a Father, the Jewish doctrine that God is unobservable and unknowable by humans, and the belief that God is a Mother which may have existed with the gentile Christians. The letters of Ignatius of Antioch indicate that this gospel was widely used in the early Syrian Christian community.4

The Gospel of John depicts Jesus as being in an eternal union with God. The nature of this union may have been marriage as Jesus said that he and ‘The Father’ are one. Marriage is the way to become one with another person. This makes sense when Mary Magdalene and Jesus were believed to be Eve and Adam reincarnate. And so the stage may have been set for Jesus becoming divine in Christian theology. To Jews this may have been offensive so Christianity may have separated itself from Judaism. The negative views on Jews expressed in this gospel may reflect this development.

In this Gospel Jesus called his mother ‘woman’ and not ‘mother’.5 Calling her ‘mother’ would have caused confusion if Jesus referred to God as Mother too. More evidence can be found in the Odes Of Solomon. Ode 19 stands out. It has the following lines:

A cup of milk was offered to me: and I drank it in the sweetness of the delight of the Lord.
The Son is the cup, and He who was milked is the Father.
And the Holy Spirit milked Him: because His breasts were full, and it was necessary for Him that His milk should be sufficiently released.
And the Holy Spirit opened His bosom and mingled the milk from the two breasts of the Father; and gave the mixture to the world without their knowing.4

This clue may be important for a few reasons. First, it is an old text that already existed around 100 AD so it probably was even older. Second, it circulated amongst the earliest Christians in Syria. Third, there are no other Christian texts mentioning any gender related attributes of God. Here God is definitely depicted as having female physical characteristics despite being called Father and the claim that God can’t be observed by anyone. It gives further substance to the argument that the phrase being born of God is significant and points at God being a Mother who had a physical presence.

The Bridegroom

Jesus referred to himself as the Bridegroom6 and the Kingdom Of God is represented as a wedding banquet.7 Hence, the wedding mentioned in the Gospel Of John could have been Jesus’ marriage. This might explain why his mother was occupied with the lack of wine at the party.8 Jesus started doing miracles at this wedding by turning water into wine.9 If Jesus had been married to God, this marriage may have turned him into the Christ, a suggestion that John the Baptist may have made.10 This might explain why Jesus started doing miracles at the wedding.

Another question may be why the early Christian leaders have altered the gender of God? It is written that Paul experienced a psychosis in which Jesus appeared to him and called him.11 Paul joined Jesus’ followers shortly after Jesus allegedly died. According to the Gospels Jesus attracted all the attention, for instance by doing miracles, and perhaps Jesus was the only person who experienced evidence of Mary Magdalene being God. Paul may not have believed it and the other disciples may have had their doubts too. They were Jews who were taught to believe in the existence of an invisible male deity.

The idea of Eve taking Her son Adam as Her husband is lewd. It may have made the relationship between Mary Magdalene and Jesus problematic. It might give people the impression that incest is permitted or even recommended. In the First Epistle to the Corinthians Paul had to deal with a situation where a man was sleeping with his father’s wife. Apparently the Christian community approved of it.12 Such acts may have provided a moral ground for the modifications Paul invented.

Gnostic gospels

Some of the Gnostic Gospels portray a close relationship between Mary Magdalene and Jesus. One names her as Jesus’ companion.13 Another mentions that Jesus loves her more than the other disciples and kisses her often.14 A third notes that Jesus loved her more than the other women.15 The Gnostic gospels don’t suggest that Mary Magdalene was God nor do they portray a marriage between her and Jesus.

The Gnostics were mystics who claimed to have secret knowledge about Jesus’ teachings and the nature of reality. Jesus claimed that his kingdom is of another world and can’t be observed.16 Gnostics believed that physical reality is a trap forged by an evil creator that keeps us separated from the Highest God. The idea of physical reality being separate from the immaterial world of ideas comes from Greek philosophers like Plato. Gnosticism also stressed the importance of individual experience. Gnosticism was banned after Christianity became the official religion of the Roman Empire.

Gnosticism developed gradually from the second century onwards. The Gnostics and the Church may have started out using the same sources when the evidence of God being a Mother was already erased, but not the evidence of Jesus’ close relationship with Mary Magdalene. The different agendas brought about different redactions. To the Gnostics the close relationship between Mary Magdalene and Jesus probably wasn’t an issue. For the Church this may have been different as Christian theology made Jesus divine. An intimate relationship with Mary Magdalene didn’t fit into this picture.

lastsupperdetail

Beloved disciple

The Gnostic Gospels suggest that Jesus loved Mary Magdalene more than the other disciples. Hence, the Beloved Disciple in the Gospel of John may have been Mary Magdalene. One verse mentions Mary Magdalene and the Beloved Disciple separately.17 It may have been a falsification to obfuscate their intimate relationship. Another verse lists three women, namely Jesus’ aunt, the wife of Clopas, and Mary Magdalene, and then implies that the Beloved Disciple was one of them.18 There apparently had been rumours that the Beloved Disciple was immortal.19 This makes sense if the Beloved Disciple was the avatar of God.

The contradictions in the accounts of the life of Jesus inspired a number of books like the Da Vinci Code. The Da Vinci Code is about an alleged conspiracy in the Roman Catholic Church to hide the relationship between Mary Magdalene and Jesus. The book depends on the idea that the person at the right hand of Jesus in Leonardo da Vinci’s painting of The Last Supper is not the apostle John, but Mary Magdalene. Mary Magdalene having been the most important person in Jesus’ life is modern knowledge that was not available to Leonardo da Vinci. It is therefore a peculiar coincidence that the Beloved Disciple is believed to have been John while John has a female appearance on many renaissance paintings so that the Da Vinci Code could be contrived.

Featured image: Bible: Only God Knows What Jesus Really Said. Loesje.org.

1. John 1:12-13 [link], 1 John 4:7 [link]
2. Acts 17:29 [link], Romans 1:20 [link], Colossians 2:9 [link]
3. Acts 11:19-26 [link]
4. The Lost Bible: Forgotten Scriptures Revealed. J.R. Porter (2001).
5. John 2:4 [link], John 19:25 [link]
6. Luke 5:34 [link], Mark 2:19-20 [link], Matthew 9:15 [link]
7. Matthew 22:2 [link]
8. John 2:3 [link]
9. John 2:9 [link]
10. John 3:27-29 [link]
11. Acts 9:3-5 [link]
12. 1 Corinthians 5:1-2 [link]
13. Gospel of Philip: There were three who always walked with the Lord: Mary, his mother, and her sister, and Magdalene, who was called his companion. His sister, his mother and his companion were each a Mary.
14. Gospel of Philip: And the companion of the saviour was Mary Magdalene. Christ loved Mary more than all the disciples, and used to kiss her often. The rest of the disciples were offended by it and expressed disapproval. They said to him, “Why do you love her more than all of us?” The Saviour answered and said to them, “Why do I not love you like her?”
15. Gospel of Mary: Peter said to Mary, “Sister we know that the Saviour loved you more than the rest of woman. Tell us the words of the Saviour which you remember which you know, but we do not, nor have we heard them”. Mary answered and said, “What is hidden from you I will proclaim to you”. And she began to speak to them these words: “I”, she said, “I saw the Lord in a vision and I said to Him, Lord I saw you today in a vision”.
16. Luke 17:20-21 [link]
17. John 20:1-2 [link]
18. John 19:25-27 [link]
17. John 21:21-23 [link]

Eve in the Garden Of Eden

Mother Goddess Eve

Female figurines have been found during archaeological excavations. The most famous one is the Venus of Willendorf dating from around 23,000 BC. Some scholars believe these figurines depict mother goddesses. And indeed many ancient cultures had mother goddesses associated with fertility. Women give birth and humans in early cultures may not have known about fatherhood. And so they may have believed that women create life. The ability to create life out of nothing may have been the essence of mother goddess worship. One of the best known mother goddesses was Isis in ancient Egypt.

Venus of Willendorf
Venus of Willendorf

Women can be sure that their children are their own but for men this is different. When the fathers of children are unknown, there is matriarchy. It has been argued that the worship of mother goddesses disappeared because men desired to control women and their sexuality. That may have been a consequence of the transition from hunting-gathering to agriculture when caring for children became a family matter in which men played a greater role.

Hunter gatherers were wanderers so territorial conflicts were less likely to be intense as they could always move on.1 This changed with the advent of agriculture. Farmers had to defend their property and family. Men may be more willing to defend women and children they consider their own. Men could also walk out when they doubted their fatherhood. This may have given them a position of power so that patriarchy emerged.

The tale of Eve and Adam may have been edited. Eve may have been the mother of Adam as she was the Mother Of All The Living. This makes more sense than Eve being made out of Adam’s rib. As Adam was the only man around at the time, Eve being Mother Of All The Living makes little sense unless it refers to all living creatures. The tale may originally have reflected the transition from hunting and gathering to agriculture, which was a curse that came from the knowledge of plants. The life of hunter gatherers was more agreeable than the plight of the farmers that came later on.1 The Garden Of Eden provided for everything. Adam was banished from the Garden of Eden to work the ground,2 which was a life of toil.3

The Jews invented the God Of Abraham but this universe might be a virtual reality created by an advanced civilisation to entertain someone we can call God. God could use avatars and appear like an ordinary human to us. The question is what imagined deities of humans can tell us about the ownership of this universe. The predominance of the God Of Abraham might be a clue.

Yahweh and Allah were male gods. Before monotheism took over they had a wife and children. Only, Jews and Muslims do not see God as a Father like Christians do, even though there are a few references to God as a Father4 and a Mother5 in the Torah. Christians are born of God6 so perhaps God is a Mother after all. Christians refer to God as Father but there is no Father in the Torah. Only Eve is the Mother Of All The Living.

Isis with Horus
Isis with the child Horus. Metropolitan Museum of Art.

The early Christians may have believed that Eve was the mother of all the living, that Mary Magdalene was a reincarnation of Eve, and that Jesus was a reincarnation of Adam. They may have believed that Eve was not made out of the rib of Adam but that Adam was born as a son of Eve so that Adam and therefore Jesus were a Son of God. The Gospels may have been redacted, perhaps because the relationship between Eve and Adam appeared incestuous. And so the birth story of Jesus from Virgin Mary may have been introduced to replace the birth of Adam from Eve.

Eve could be the Mother Goddess of the Bible and God may have devised a scheme to disguise Her identity using Virgin Mary. The veneration of Virgin Mary or Mother Mary may have existed in early Christianity. The Church recognised Virgin Mary as ‘Mother of God’ at the Council of Ephesus in 431, effectively making her a Mother Goddess. From then on statues and icons of Mother Mary with the child Jesus have been made. Some of them were similar to those of the Egyptian mother goddess Isis with her child Horus.

Saint Mary Bolnichka Icon
Mother Mary with the child Jesus. Saint Mary Bolnichka Icon.

This is in clear violation of the command not to make images for worship.7 Nevertheless, the transgression could be part of the scheme. The Mother Goddess Mary, who may have been eliminated from the gospels, re-entered the Church via a back door. As many prayers were directed to Mother Mary, she became a proxy for God. The protestant reformation aimed at returning to the roots of Christianity and eliminated Virgin Mary veneration from their religion. But their reform was based entirely on the scriptures and ignorant of the possibility of church traditions like Mother Mary veneration being reflections of the original message of Christianity.
starcrescent
The star and crescent became the symbol for Islam. This symbol has a long history predating Islam and it was formally associated with a Moon goddess. In the Biblical context it has different meaning. In the Biblical story of Joseph the Moon symbolises the woman while the star symbolises the child.8 Hence, the Islamic symbol may represent the Mother Goddess with the child, just like the Madonna with the child Jesus. It could reflect the relationship between Khadijah bint Khuwaylid and her husband Muhammad because she was his boss and so much older that she could have been his mother.

The St. Mary of Zion Church in Ethiopia is said to contain the Ark of the Covenant. It is claimed that the Ark came to Ethiopia with King Menelik after he visited his father King Solomon. Mary of Zion is symbolised by the Ark of the Covenant.9 That is a remarkable coincidence. The ark allegedly was the residence of Yahweh, the God of Israel. This coincidence may indicate that God is a woman, also for the Rastafarians.

The creation story in Genesis may have been redacted. The designation Mother Of All The Living suggests that Eve may have been a Mother Goddess.10 Genesis 1 already contains a creation story explaining how men and women were created.11 Hence, the creation of Adam and Eve in Genesis 2 is at odds with Genesis 1. It is also peculiar that the woman was made from a rib of the man12 as women usually give birth to men. Adam is simply referred to as ‘the man’13 while Eve is referred to as Mother Of All The Living.14 Adam calling Eve Mother Of All The Living before they had any children suggests tampering. It is also hard to believe that Eve and Adam were the only people as their children married.

Eve being the Mother Goddess makes all these contradictions disappear. And that is remarkable as scholars believe that Genesis 1 and Genesis 2 were based on two different traditions. Perhaps the original creation myth was that the Mother Goddess Eve wanted a husband for Herself and created one by giving birth. It seems unlikely that Jesus figured this out by himself and so Mary Magdalene may have told him this. Christianity became a major religion, which suggests that God is a woman. The Quran doesn’t really contradict the Bible. The Quran mentions the creation of Adam extensively but says little about the creation of Eve, hence Eve may not have been created. The Quran primarily blames Adam for the Fall and leaves Eve mostly out of the picture. The Quran claims that Adam listened to the voice of Satan without implicating Eve.15

Snake goddess from the palace of Knossos. Heraklion Archaeological Museum
Snake goddess from the palace of Knossos. Heraklion Archaeological Museum.

The origins of the myth of the Garden Of Eden support this perspective. Serpents have been associated with some of the oldest rituals known to humankind. The serpent was a symbol of death, healing, and rebirth. It could represent wisdom, good as well as evil. Mother Goddesses sometimes had serpents as their sidekicks helping them in doing their magic.16 Snake goddesses were worshiped in ancient Egypt and Crete. In ancient mythology the tree with a serpent represents the Tree of Life of the Mother Goddess. In these mythologies the Mother Goddess could take the form of a serpent dying and renewing like the Moon. In these mythologies Her husband died too and was reborn her son.17 Only, the Garden Of Eden may be the myth on which this world has been created, and Eve may have been the primal avatar of God.

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Featured image: Eve in the Garden Of Eden. Henri Rousseau (1906-1910). Public Domain. Wikimedia Commons.

Other images: Venus of Willendorf. Don Hitchcock (2008). Wikimedia Commons; Isis with Horus. Metropolitan Museum of Art. Wikimedia Commons. Public Domain; Saint Mary Bolnichka Icon. Wikimedia Commons. Public Domain; The younger ‘snake goddess’ from the palace of Knossos. Heraklion Archaeological Museum. Wikimedia Commons. Public Domain.

1. A Brief History Of Humankind. Yuval Noah Harari (2014). Harvil Secker.
2. Genesis 3:23 [link]
3. Genesis 3:17-19 [link]
4. Isaiah 63:16 [link]
5. Isaiah 66:13 [link]
6. John 1:13 [link]
7. Exodus 20:4-5 [link]
8. Genesis 37:9 [link]
9. Church of Our Lady Mary of Zion – Wikipedia [link]
10. Asherah – Wikipedia [link]: Some scholars have found an early link between Asherah and Eve, based upon the coincidence of their common title as “the mother of all living” in Genesis 3:20 through the identification with the Hurrian mother goddess Hebat. Asherah was also given the title Chawat from which the name Hawwah in Aramaic and the biblical name Eve are derived.
11. Genesis 1:27 [link]
12. Genesis 2:22 [link]
13. Genesis 2:20 [link]
14. Genesis 3:20 [link]
15. Quran 20:115-121 [link]
16. Serpent (Symbolism) – Wikipedia [link]
17. Eve: the Mother of All Living. Anne Baring and Jules Cashford (1991). Penguin Books. [link]