From Last Stand, Sci-Fi Short Film Made with Artificial Intelligence

The nature of reality

It appears we live inside a simulation created by an advanced post-human civilisation. Science sufficiently established several laws of reality, so if breaches in these laws occur, this is evidence of this world being fake. With the help of observations and induction, we can certify that these laws of reality do not always apply. The argument for us living inside a simulation thus hinges upon the following assumptions that appear plausible:

  • Science has sufficiently established a set of laws of reality.
  • The breaching of these laws is evidence of us living in a simulation.
  • There is evidence that these laws are breached from time to time.

Humans think they are unique and superb creatures, the apex of all that roams the planet. They attach great value to their inner selves and are unlikely to change their human essence once they can, so post-humans are likely to have similar motivations as we have. Hence, they might run simulations of human ancestor civilisations for research and entertainment.

The number of simulations for entertainment likely vastly outstrips those for research. It then follows that our most likely purpose is entertainment. The breaching of the laws of reality further suggests so. Simulations run for research are more likely to be realistic. Signs of control indicate that our universe is not a game but someone’s imaginary world. In a game, there is no need to control the outcome.

Being part of someone’s imaginary world appears to be our situation. This universe may come with a post-human owner we can call God. And God may use avatars in this simulation to become an ordinary human being.

Evidence of control indicates we are not sentient. We may not think and may not have a will. It could mean that we do not have intrinsic value to God and that God does not feel moral restraints when dealing with us. Bad things happen to people, and God could have prevented them from happening.

An individual can’t build this world alone or write out the script in every detail. It seems to require the use of artificial intelligence. We can already write scripts and make films in this way. So the owner of this world may only need to write the main storyline and the plot and leave the rest to the computer.

The simulation hypothesis sheds light on things that would otherwise remain unexplained. It makes a lot of sense. The strength of the evidence seems to outweigh the issues, such as a lack of scientific evidence for the paranormal, the limits of the human mind like attributing causes where randomness applies or seeing meaning when there is none, hindsight bias and the difficulties in establishing probabilities of meaningful coincidences occurring.

Featured image: From Last Stand, Sci-Fi Short Film Made with Artificial Intelligence

Book: the virtual universe

Religions claim that a god or gods have created this universe. The simulation hypothesis explains how the gods might have done this. We could all be living inside a computer simulation run by an advanced post-human civilisation. But can we objectively establish that this is indeed the case?

There is sufficient evidence that we live inside a simulation, and it allows us to establish the most likely purpose of our existence. The book does not promote a specific religion. It goes along with science, but there are limits to what science can establish. God is beyond those limits.

The book addresses the following topics:

  • Why our existence is not a miracle that requires a creator.
  • Why the simulation hypothesis is not scientific.
  • How possible motives of post-humans can help us establish that we live inside a simulation.
  • Why there is no proof in real life, not even in science.
  • How our minds can trick us, and how to avoid pitfalls in our observations and reasoning.
  • How laws of reality can help us establish that we live inside a simulation.
  • Why evidence for the paranormal is not scientific but strong enough to count.
  • How to interpret religious experiences and miracles.
  • How to explain premonition, evidence suggesting reincarnation, ghosts, ufos, and meaningful coincidences.
  • How coincidences surrounding major historical events indicate that everything happens according to a script.
  • Why do many people see 11:11 and other peculiar time prompts.
  • What predetermination tells us about our purpose.

By reading the book, you will discover that the world makes perfect sense if we assume it to be a simulation created by an advanced post-human civilisation to entertain someone we can call God.

The book is freely available under the CC BY-SA 4.0 licence. You can download your free PDF here:

Alternatively, you can buy a Kindle or paperback on Amazon:

Explaining the unexplained

The paranormal has been a subject of controversy. The evidence is often problematic. Take, for instance, psychics. Scientists have investigated their abilities. In experiments, psychics fail to do better than guessing. In a controlled setting, a psychic is isolated so that others cannot supply the psychic with information. Sometimes psychics make stunning guesses, but not in controlled experiments. That may often be due to fraud or manipulation, but perhaps not in every case. The same is true for the paranormal in general. Many paranormal incidents could be natural phenomena or the result of fraud or delusion, but a large number remains without explanation.

Thinking that science will give all the answers is a belief too. It can become like a religion once you begin to discard evidence to the contrary. Evidence for the paranormal does not meet scientific criteria. Science requires, for instance, that we can use a theory like the existence of psychic abilities to make predictions that we can subsequently check. If a psychic does not do better than guessing during an experiment, there is no such thing as psychic abilities, at least from a scientific perspective.

And yet, there are countless testimonies of people who have witnessed unexplained phenomena. The total number of these incidents is impossible to guess, but it could be billions. In the early twentieth century, Charles Fort collected at least 40,000 notes on paranormal experiences. These notes were about strange events reported in magazines and newspapers such as The Times and scientific journals such as Scientific American, Nature and Science. Millions more might exist in other journals and diaries.

Strange things also happened to me. In December 2010, my wife Ingrid and I were sitting at the kitchen table. She was discussing her late mother and father. Her mother had outlived her father for more than three decades. She then recalled that her mother had once asked her father to contact her as a spirit if he was to die first. She then remembered her mother later saying that he had never made himself noticed, ‘not even by stopping a clock.’

Just after my wife had finished speaking, a gust of wind blew a flower pot over the balcony. It made a loud noise. Even though it was windy, the blow suddenly came out of nowhere. It was a bit eerie. The next day she noticed that a clock and an alarm clock were both back one hour. One was connected to the power grid while the other ran on a battery.

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So, did my wife’s father make himself noticed from the other side? Or were the wind gust and the clocks being back just bizarre coincidences caused by natural phenomena? Or did my wife made it up to have a good story to tell at birthday parties? I do not think that she did. Given the number of strange incidents in my life, I do not doubt it either. It is unlikely that she was mistaken, as she could only have noticed that these clocks were back by looking at other timepieces. And if she was wrong and did not find out about it, it still is a remarkable coincidence.

In virtual reality, the laws of nature do not have to apply. So clocks can stop for an hour, and elephants can fly. So far, we have not seen elephants fly, but it is possible in virtual reality. Psychic abilities may exist while the scientific method cannot certify them. And Jesus could have walked over water and revived dead people even though these stories may have been made up. Alternatively, the laws of nature could apply in an arrangement suggesting that someone is pulling the strings. The wind gust was already peculiar. The incident with the clocks made it even more mysterious.

Fat cat

The mystery of being

Why do we exist? We are self-centred beings and see ourselves as unique and wonderful. And so, we might think this universe is there for us and has a creator who is concerned about us. The odds appear stacked against us being here, so our existence could seem a miracle. But if humans had never arrived on the scene, the other species would still have roamed the Earth, and no cat or fern would have wondered why it exists.

Once you reverse the argument, you might see what is wrong with it. My existence depends on my parents having met each other. My father might have missed the party where he met my mother. My parents, in their turn, depend on the many generations before them. According to chaos theory, small changes can dramatically impact the future. For instance, a butterfly flapping its wings in Texas might cause a hurricane in China.

So, if one of my forebears had done only one small thing differently, for instance, getting up ten minutes earlier on 17 September 1462, I might not be here. The probability of my existence is so close to zero that it might seem like a miracle. Similarly, the odds of humans appearing in the future when dinosaurs were still living, and living creatures on this planet appearing later on when the galaxy was emerging, were negligible.

In a similar vein, people argue that it is unlikely that this universe emerged by chance. The laws of physics and the values of physical constants are fine-tuned for life to exist. That is doubtful. How do we know which physical constants and laws support life? And how does that rule out chance? There could be an infinite number of universes with different laws and constants. This universe might support life by accident. If the universe did not support life, we would not be there to notice it.

Intelligent design proponents claim that undirected evolutionary processes cannot explain the living creatures on this planet. They argue that life on Earth is a miracle that requires a creator. Indeed, the odds for life to emerge in the way it did, were close to zero from the outset, and still, we are here. But evolution is an organising principle that requires no intelligence. Given ample time, the possibilities are endless, and anything could happen. Scientific findings indicate that life on this planet had four billion years to develop.

The mystery of being is not much of a mystery. If the possibilities are infinite, everything that ever happened once had a near-zero chance of happening. But something had to happen, and as a consequence, you happen to exist. Still, we might have a creator as this universe could be a simulation run by an advanced civilisation to entertain someone we call God. But also, in that case, God might exist accidentally, and as a result, so do we.

Latest revision: 19 May 2023

Post-human motivations

We may find out that we live inside a simulation if we can notice that our reality is not realistic, at least in some aspects. To see why we can look at the possible motives for post-humans to run simulations of human civilisations. Even though it is not certain post-humans might have similar motivations as we have. Modern humans attach great value to their inner selves, so we may not change our human essence once we can. Hence, the motives of post-humans might well be similar to ours, and they might run simulations of human civilisations for research or entertainment.

Research could be about running what-if scenarios. So what if a giant meteor hits the surface of the planet? What if China never became unified? Alternatively, what if there never were religions such as Christianity and Islam? Or what if a deadly infectious disease breaks out? Countless scenarios are possible. Post-humans might be interested in running them to see how humanity will cope. These simulations are likely to be realistic.

Possible entertainment applications are games or dream worlds to make your imagination come true. Such a simulation may not be realistic in some aspects as it reflects the rules of a game or someone’s imagination. Chaos theory states that small changes in the initial conditions of complex systems can have a dramatic impact on future developments. For instance, a butterfly flapping its wings in Texas might cause a hurricane in China. And simulations of civilisations are complex, so to guarantee a particular outcome, you need control over everything that happens. This requirement does not apply to games. Unpredictable developments make games more interesting.

Our understanding of human nature suggests that the number of simulations for entertainment likely vastly outstrip those run for research, at least if sufficient resources are available. Hence, if we do live inside a simulation, we should expect it to be for entertainment. The owner or owners may use avatars and appear like ordinary human beings to us. If reality is unrealistic in some aspects, this suggests that our purpose is entertainment as a simulation run for research is more likely to be realistic. Furthermore, evidence of control further indicates that the purpose of this simulation is not a game but implementing someone’s imagination.

If the beings inside the simulation were sentient, that can raise ethical questions like whether or not they have rights the creators should respect. Considering how humans treat each other, it is not a given that these rights would be respected even when the creators acknowledge them. In a realistic simulation, bad things do happen to people all the time. And in the case of control, the beings inside the simulation are not sentient. They do not think and do not have a will of their own. Hence, we might have no intrinsic value to our creators.