The direction of history
The direction of history is towards a single integrated world order that is sometimes called the New World Order. Humanity is converging in three major ways, intellectually, economically and politically. The spread of religions and ideologies made it possible to unify different peoples under the same set of ideas. Trade and money enabled the cooperation between strangers all over the globe. And the increased cooperation between nation states is paving the way for a closer integration of governments.1
The world is now run by a global elite of business people, politicians, bureaucrats, engineers, journalists, scientists, opinion makers, writers and artists. No matter where they live, whether it is New York, Buenos Aires, Shanghai, Dubai or Cape Town, these people increasingly have the same interests, the same viewpoints about the world, the same culture, and increasingly live similar lifestyles. The individuals in these elites have more in common with each other than with their fellow countrymen.1
The need for global cooperation
Global issues such as climate change, human rights, international crime and financial markets might require international agreement and cooperation. The Old World Order was based on the sovereignty of nation states, which means that there was no higher authority than the nation-state. All nation states were equally sovereign, at least in theory, and their power was only restricted by the treaties they signed voluntarily.
Nation states are increasingly under pressure to conform to global standards because actions of one nation affect other nations as well. The global elite makes decisions on these issues. But would an informed citizenry decide otherwise? The global elite may believe that it acts to the benefit of mankind and that we need more international cooperation or even a global government. This is reflected in the words of the British politician Denis Healey, who had been involved in Bilderberg Conferences in which members of the elite gathered in secrecy. He told the Guardian:
To say we were striving for a one-world government is exaggerated, but not wholly unfair. Those of us in Bilderberg felt we couldn’t go on forever fighting one another for nothing and killing people and rendering millions homeless. So we felt that a single community throughout the world would be a good thing.2
It is hard to get a clear picture of the influence of meetings like Bilderberg. It seems that these meetings influence the issues that are on the political agenda. For instance the European Union has been discussed at Bilderberg and it is plausible that these meetings helped to create the European Union by making the elite agree on the idea. And as Europe had just been ravaged by two world wars, it might have seemed a good plan.
The New World Order is sometimes seen as a new form of feudalism. The share of the wealthy of global wealth and income has increased in recent decades. An Oxfam report from 2017 points out that the world’s eight wealthiest people own as much as the poorest 50%.3 Nation states are losing their grip on large corporations and billionaires. Until now there is no global government and there are no sufficiently binding international treaties, so nation states end up competing to please large corporations and billionaires.
Politicians come and go but other government officials often remain within the governmental institutions for a long time. Most are not democratically elected. In most cases they believe they work in the best interest of their country. These people can yield significant influence. They can obstruct democratically elected officials.
On the other hand, democratically elected officials can press governmental institutions into forwarding their political agenda. The power of unelected officials, and most notably the intelligence agencies, is sometimes referred to as the deep state. As intelligence agencies operate in secrecy, they might be state within the state.
The New World Order conspiracy theory claims that the elite has a secret plan to create a New World Order in which ordinary humans will be mere serfs. Rather than seeing the emerging oligarchy as a result of social and economic developments, the conspiracy theory alleges that this was deliberately planned by the elite in secret. The alleged plan is believed to be worked out in secretive meetings like Bilderberg.
In the United States corruption in politics is so pervasive that many people seek refuge in conspiracy theories. Politicians need to fund their campaigns. Those who don’t accept money from large corporations and wealthy individuals have less chance of being elected. Only around 10% of Americans believe that their Congress is doing a good job.
Conspiracy theorists tend to invent and mischaracterise facts and intentions in order to spin them into their twisted narrative. On the other hand, traditional media tend to underreport or ignore issues that can threaten the current social order. With the advent of internet and social media everyone can start a website and become a source of information and opinion. Traditional media are losing their grip on the public opinion.
Whether or not a global government is desirable is a matter of debate. The more power is concentrated, the more pervasive the corruption is likely to become. On the other hand, some issues can only be dealt with on a global level. The more people agree on what needs to be done and how differences must be settled, the less need there might be for a centralised government. That might require rational debates dominating politics and direct democracy standing at the basis of decision making.
Natural Economic Order
What the New World Order will look like is difficult to tell, even though many people think they already know. Perhaps the course of events will take an unexpected turn. In 1916 Silvio Gesell published his book The Natural Economic Order in which he proposed a tax on money. His idea would later produce Natural Money. His book was first published in German and named “Natürliche Wirtschaftsordnung”. This can be abbreviated to NWO. If Natural Money is to become the money of the future, this would be a peculiar coincidence. And it may not be a coincidence but part of a plan as the license plate on Franz Ferdinand’s car suggests. Hence, there may be a secret plan for a New World Order the elite is unaware of.
Gesell was inspired by the principle of natural selection like many of his contemporaries. He viewed competition in the economy as beneficial to mankind. Effort and talent, and not money and privilege, should determine one’s economic rewards. He saw interest as the privilege of money, and believed that a tax on money would allow interest rates to go to zero. Gesell thought that this was more efficient. The natural economic order will not arise spontaneously as it requires people selecting a type of money that allows for negative interest rates. In the preface of The Natural Economic Order he wrote:
The economic order here discussed is a natural order only in the sense that it is adapted to the nature of man. It is not an order which arises spontaneously as a natural product. Such an order does not, indeed, exist, for the order which we impose upon ourselves is always an act, an act consciously willed.
The proof that an economic order is suited to the nature of man is furnished by observation of mankind’s development. The economic order under which men thrive is the most natural economic order. Whether an economic order which stands this test is at the same time technically the most efficient order, whether it provides the bureau of trade statistics with record figures is a matter of secondary importance. At the present day it is easy to imagine an economic system of high technical efficiency coupled with gradual exhaustion of the human material. It may, however, be taken for granted that an economic order under which mankind thrives will also prove its technical superiority. For human work can, ultimately, only advance with the advance of the human race. “Man is the measure of all things” including the economic system under which he lives.
The prosperity of mankind, as of all living beings, depends in the main upon whether selection takes place under natural laws. But these laws demand competition. Only through competition, chiefly competition in the economic sphere, is right evolution, eugenesis, possible. Those who wish to ensure the full miraculous effects of the laws of natural selection must base their economic order upon competition under the conditions really decreed by nature, that is, with the weapons furnished by nature after the exclusion of all privileges. Success in competition must be exclusively determined by inborn characteristics, for only so are the causes of the success transmitted to the offspring and added to the common characteristics of mankind. Children must owe their success, not to money, not to paper privileges, but to the ability, strength, love and wisdom of their parents. Only then shall we be justified in hoping that humanity may in time shake off the burden of inferior individuals imposed upon it by thousands of years of unnatural selection – selection vitiated by money and privileges. And we may also hope that in this way supremacy may pass from the hands of the privileged, and that mankind, led by the noblest sons of men, may resume its long-interrupted ascent towards divine aims.5
1. Sapiens: A Brief History Of Humankind. Yuval Noah Harari (2014). Harvil Secker.
2. Who pulls the strings? (part 3). The Guardian (2001). [link]
3. Just 8 men own same wealth as half the world. Oxfam (2017). [link]
4. 10% of Americans like Congress: Are they nuts? Dean Obeidallah. CNN (2013) [link]
5. The Natural Economic Order. Silvio Gesell (1916). [link]