Adam is the Son of God (Luke 3:38) and Jesus the Firstborn of all Creation (Colossians 1:15). So, was Jesus Adam reincarnated? The usual interpretation of the Firstborn of All Creation is that Jesus already existed with God, even before Creation, and was not Adam. There may be more to it. Why would Jesus sacrifice himself for the sins of Adam? Jesus might have believed he was Adam. A fuller explanation requires an investigation into Jewish and Christian theology, which is the topic of a separate post:
Paul compared Jesus to Adam. In Romans, he wrote, ‘Just as through the disobedience of the one man the many were made sinners, so also through the obedience of the one man the many will be made righteous.’ (Romans 5:19) And in 1 Corinthians, he said, ‘As in Adam all die, so in Christ, all will be made alive.’ Jesus became the redeemer for Adam’s transgressions. His deeds would make more sense if he believed himself to be Adam. That may be why Paul called Jesus the Last Adam (1 Corinthians 15:45).
The Quran strengthens the idea that Jesus could be Adam. Jesus was like Adam in the way he was created (Quran 3:59). More importantly, several Quran verses state that God ordered the angels to prostrate before Adam (Quran 2:34, 7:11, 15:28-29, 17:61, 18:50, 20:116, 38:71-74). It is remarkable because angels are higher beings than humans. Satan refused because he did not want to bow to a creature made from dust. The Quran stresses it several times so that it could be significant. As Christians believe that Jesus is the Lord who will command humankind, this suggests that Jesus could be Adam. The Quran also claims that Jesus will return (Quran 43:61).
Latest revision: 11 March 2023