Adam is called the Son of God (Luke 3:38), and Jesus is named the Firstborn of all Creation (Colossians 1:15). An obvious question to ask is, was Jesus Adam? The usual interpretation of Jesus being the Firstborn of All Creation is that Jesus already existed with God, even before Creation, and therefore, he was not Adam. The words Firstborn of All Creation suggest that there may be more to it. Jesus could be Adam, and Adam may have been born. A fuller explanation requires an investigation into Jewish and Christian theology, which is the topic of a separate post:
Paul compared Jesus to Adam. In Romans, he writes, ‘Just as through the disobedience of the one man the many were made sinners, so also through the obedience of the one man the many will be made righteous.’ (Romans 5:19) And in 1 Corinthians, he says, ‘As in Adam all die, so in Christ, all will be made alive.’ Jesus became the redeemer for Adam’s transgressions. An obvious question is what could have motivated Jesus to sacrifice himself for Adam’s mistakes? His actions are better understood if he believed himself to be Adam. That may be why Paul called Jesus the Last Adam (1 Corinthians 15:45).
Christianity teaches that Jesus existed before Creation, but that may not be what early Christians believed. The likeness of Jesus to Adam in Paul’s early letters may point to an earlier doctrine still prevalent around 55 AD, which could be that Jesus was Adam.
The Quran strengthens the idea that Jesus could be Adam. Jesus was like Adam in the way he was created (Quran 3:59). More importantly, several Quran verses state that God ordered the angels to prostrate before Adam (Quran 2:34, 7:11, 15:28-29, 17:61, 18:50, 20:116, 38:71-74). It is remarkable because angels are higher beings than humans. Satan refused because he did not want to bow for a creature made from dust. The Quran stresses it several times so that it could be significant. As Christians believe that Jesus is the Lord who will command humankind, this suggests that Jesus could be Adam. The Quran also claims that Jesus will return (Quran 43:61).
Before he was born, a visitor from heaven told his mother that her son would be divine. Unusual signs in the heavens accompanied his birth. As an adult, he left his home to become a travelling preacher. He told everyone not to be concerned about their earthly lives and material goods but instead to live for the spiritual and eternal. He gathered several followers who believed he was the Son of God. He did miracles, healed the sick, cast out demons, and raised the dead. He aroused opposition among the ruling authorities, and they put him on trial. After he departed from this world, he appeared to some of his followers, who later wrote books about him. This story is not about Jesus of Nazareth but Apollonius of Tyana, Bart Ehrman tells us in his book How Jesus Became God.1
In ancient times, critics used the similarities between the tales about Jesus and Apollonius to question and mock Christianity. In the ancient world, there was no chasm between the divine and the earthly realm. Kings were often called sons of the gods. The miracles attributed to Jesus are not exceptional either. There were other men of which people said that they did similar deeds. Legends about people spring up easily. You only have to observe what happens on the Internet and social media. People believe and spread ostentatiously false claims. Finding out the facts later can be an arduous task. And success is not guaranteed. It has been the work of biblical scholars for centuries.
Miraculous and virgin births occur in other religions too. Claiming to be the Son of God was not unusual either. Julius Caesar pretended to be a descendant of the goddess Venus. Of Alexander the Great, it was said that his father was the Greek supreme god Zeus. Kings in the ancient world often claimed to be descendants of the gods. That gave them legitimacy for who dares to go against the will of the gods? Jewish kings were also Sons of God. So, if Jesus called himself Son of God, this could mean the king of the Jews. And it probably was seen that way by the Jewish and Roman authorities.
About Jesus, much remains unclear. The Gospels date from decades after Jesus’ death and scholars believe that they are based on stories that are passed on orally. Oral storytelling is notoriously inaccurate but scholars believe that the Gospels at least partially describe what Jesus actually said and did. Much is plausible given the time and place in which he lived. The Gospels also tell us things that Christians would not have made up because it contradicts their teachings.1 And, the Gospels are copied from earlier sources that are now lost. The time gap between the events and these sources is smaller, so fewer errors may have crept in.
Paul could have written about what transpired. He knew several first-hand witnesses so he had insider knowledge. It seems that he did not. But why? There may have been reasons not to write about what happened or to destroy these accounts. Perhaps, the events were too disturbing. It may have taken Paul nearly two decades to come to terms with what he found out about the relationship between God and Jesus. The first three Gospels are remarkably similar and do not say much about this relationship. Scholars believe that the Gospels of Matthew and Luke are based on the Gospel of Mark and another text with the sayings of Jesus. Only, the troubling insider knowledge may not have disappeared. It may have been worked upon instead to become the Gospel of John.
Jesus most likely did claim to be the Son of God. According to the Gospels, Jesus called God ‘Father’. And, he may have been the Bridegroom in a marriage representing the Kingdom of God. All the synoptic Gospels hint at Jesus being the Bridegroom. Perhaps Jesus believed that he would become king, but he never directly claimed to be king of the Jews. He did not deny it either. But why? We cannot know that with certainty as Paul of Tarsus probably invented Christianity. Still, we may get close. Paul joined the Christian movement early on. He knew the apostles and other first-hand witnesses personally. Hence, only his interpretation may stand between us and Jesus’ teachings. Paul was a devout Pharisee with knowledge of the Jewish religion and scriptures as well as Greek thought and philosophy.
To understand the following paragraphs, you are advised to read the following post:
The Jewish religion of the imagined deity Yahweh and its scriptures may be an obstacle to our knowledge of God. To understand God, we may need to take the perspective of this universe as the creation of an advanced humanoid civilisation to entertain one of its members. Hence, there could be more to the mysterious apocalyptic prophet who felt a close relationship with God and started a new religion with over two billion followers today. Christianity began as a branch of Judaism, a religion defined by its scriptures. Religious claims have to be justified by referring to the scriptures. Their scriptures outline how Jews, Christians and Muslims see the owner of the universe. So if God is a woman who married Jesus, and Jesus had preached somewhere else, for instance, in Egypt or China, then Christianity would have been a completely different religion.
Christianity is called the religion of love. God is love, Christians claim. Christianity paints a different picture of God than Judaism and Islam. Those religions present a vengeful warrior God. So, how is this to be explained? The God of Judaism, Christianity and Islam, is believed to be the same. Perhaps Jesus knew God personally, and maybe God is not the deity the Jews imagined. Paul likely went at great length to bring the new religion in line with existing Jewish doctrine while being as truthful as possible. To many religious people, the scriptures are infallible. Paul could have obfuscated the most controversial parts of what he discovered by making cryptic references to the scriptures. Viewing it in this way makes sense.
Biblical scholars tend to be agnostic about God and reason from what they can establish from historical sources. Christians, on the other hand, believe that Yahweh is Jesus’ father. Both groups see Jesus within the Jewish context. And Jesus looked at himself in this way too. That may turn out to be a handicap as Yahweh is the imagined deity of the Jews, and not necessarily the all-powerful Creator of this universe. It may be better to view Yahweh as the cloak behind which our Creator is hidden. The most pressing problem for Paul may have been that God is a woman who had a romantic relationship with Jesus. Only to suggest so was considered blasphemy. And so, Jesus became married to the Church like God was married to the Jewish nation. It made Jesus eternal and godlike. That was not a great leap if he was Adam, God’s eternal husband. Jesus still lives, Paul believed, as he had seen Jesus in a vision.
The Book of Daniel comes with an enigmatic individual who will bring final judgement and start God’s kingdom. In Daniel’s vision, it was a human being coming with the clouds of heaven (Daniel 7:13). His kingdom will be everlasting, and all rulers will worship and obey him (Daniel 7:27). Daniel did not think of Jesus, but that did not stop Christians from applying it to Jesus. Jesus himself may not have thought that he was this person called Son of Man. On several occasions, Jesus mentioned the Son of Man as if he is someone else.1 In other instances, Jesus appeared to imply that he is the Son of Man. Scholars reason that the latter is what Christians believed so that the former more is likely is what Jesus said. That is because your belief can affect how you interpret words. It was however not far-fetched to think that Jesus would be the Son of Man as Jesus mentioned him while there was no other qualifying candidate to fill this position.
Jesus may have thought himself to be in the position of Adam or perhaps even the reincarnation of Adam. Adam was God’s son (Luke 3:38) and Jesus the firstborn of all creation (Colossians 1:15) or firstborn among many brothers and sisters (Romans 8:29). People understand these words in relation to the Jewish scriptures, but they may be cryptic references to Adam being born first as the son of Eve, and Jesus being the reincarnation of Adam. It may also apply to the phrase ‘born of God’ (John 1:13) as all of humanity is born of Eve if you consider Adam to be Eve’s son. They together are the mythical ancestors of humanity. From this perspective, it makes sense that the message of Christianity applies to all of humanity like Paul inferred.
The firstborn son was of importance in traditional agricultural societies for the inheritance of land and the leadership of the family clan. The Jews were no exception. The theme occurs on numerous occasions in the Hebrew Bible. The story of Jacob and Esau is well-known. King David was also called God’s firstborn son (Psalm 89:27). Far more interesting is that the Jewish nation Israel is God’s firstborn son (Exodus 4:22) as Israel is also God’s bride (Isaiah 54:5, Hosea 2:7, Joel 1:8). It presented Paul with an escape as God married his firstborn son in this way. In a similar vein, Jesus became married to the Church like God was married to Israel. And so Jesus may have become God as the Christians became Jesus’ people like the Jews are Yahweh’s people.
That is not as problematic as it may seem. A widely held belief among the Jews was that there are two powers in heaven.1 In Genesis, God speaks in the plural, ‘Let us make humankind in our image.’ It may reflect a polytheist past of the Jews, in which they believed that the gods created the universe. If you presume this universe to be a simulation created by an advanced humanoid civilisation for the entertainment of one of its members, then it makes perfect monotheist sense too. The beings of this civilisation are the gods and the owner of this universe is God. The Jews did not see it this way. Instead, this phrase produced speculation about the existence of a godlike sidekick working alongside God.
The Hebrew Bible claims that God appeared to people from time to time. For instance, some people saw God sitting on a throne (Exodus 24:9-10) while no one has ever seen God and lived (Exodus 33:20). Others saw the Angel of the Lord, who is also God, and survived. Abraham and Hagar are among those who have seen the Angel, and the Hebrew Bible then tells us that they have seen God. Hence, the Angel of the Lord is God but not God himself. Otherwise, they would not have survived.1 And so there must be two gods, an invisible all-powerful Creator and his visible godlike sidekick. From this perspective, Jesus could be the Angel of the Lord and the image of the invisible God (Colossians 1:15).
Many Jewish scholars like Paul were influenced by Greek philosophy. In Platonic thinking, there is a sharp divide between ideas and matter. The spiritual world of ideas is superior in the Platonic view. God is pure spirit, the most superior being. For Platonists, ‘spirit’ can use words to produce matter. Platonic reasoning thus agreed with Judaism as God created all things by using words. And so, words must have existed before creation. The Jewish philosopher Philo lived at the same time as Jesus. He asserted that the Word is the highest of all beings, the image of God, according to which and by which the universe is ordered. Philo called the Word the second god. The Word is thus God’s sidekick. The Gospel of John starts in a similar fashion, ‘In the beginning was the Word, and the Word was with God, and the Word was God.’ Here, the Word had become Jesus.
In Proverbs, Wisdom speaks and says that she was the first thing God created. And then God created everything else with the help of Wisdom alongside him (Proverbs 8:22-25). She is a reflection of the eternal light, a spotless mirror of the working of God, and an image of his goodness (Wisdom 7:25-26). Wisdom is female because the Greek word for wisdom is female. Wisdom was present when God made the world and is beside God on his throne (Wisdom 9:9-10).1 And so, there are two contenders for being God’s sidekick, the Word and Wisdom. Or perhaps, there are two sidekicks. If the Word has become Jesus then Wisdom could be the Holy Spirit, and we might arrive at the Trinity.
Eve gave birth to Adam. What to do with this? It contradicts the Jewish scriptures. And the scriptures are sacred. So, why not claim that Jesus was born from a virgin instead? After all, Jesus was Adam, and Eve was a virgin when She gave birth to Adam. And God’s name was Mary like Jesus’ mother while God was also Jesus’ Mother. That may have been convenient for those inventing a scheme to work around this issue. And so, Jesus may have become born from the Blessed Virgin Mary instead. Early Christians may have understood Jesus’ virgin birth as code for Eve being the mother of Adam.
Virgin births were not a theme in Judaism even though Christianity teaches otherwise. Isaiah wrote that a young woman will give birth to a son as a sign that God will destroy Judah’s enemies (Isaiah 7:14). Isaiah addressed king Ahaz in the eighth century BC and did not think of Jesus who was to come seven centuries later. In the Greek translation of the Hebrew Bible available in the first century AD, ‘young woman’ was translated as ‘virgin’. The author of the Gospel of Matthew used it to forge a prophecy of Jesus’ virgin birth. In this respect, it is remarkable that the Quran consistently calls Jesus Son of Mary and not Son of God, thus implying that Jesus had no father. It could be code for God’s name being Mary.
The basis for the claims of Christianity in the Jewish scriptures is problematic at best. The facts contradicted the scriptures, and the efforts to resolve these logical difficulties helped to turn Jesus into God. It should not surprise us that early Christians disagreed on the issue of Jesus being God and that most Jews did not buy into it either. If Jesus had preached in Egypt and had claimed that his wife is the goddess Isis, the all-powerful Creator and that he was the reincarnation of her son Horus, his teachings may have been preserved unscratched, but it may not have worked for what God had in mind. Egypt was a polytheist nation that could have adopted another cult alongside the existing ones. The Jews, however, were monotheists with established scriptures. It made Christianity, and later Islam, uncompromisingly monotheist too. Converts had to renounce all other gods. That allowed Christianity and Islam to wipe out the other religions, first in the Roman Empire, and later everywhere else where Christianity and Islam became dominant. And if this universe comes with an all-powerful owner, that may have been the plan all along.
Featured image: Christ Pantocrator in Hagia Sophia. Svklimkin (2019). Wikimedia Commons.
1. How Jesus Became God: The Exaltation of a Jewish Preacher. Bart D. Ehrman (2014). HarperCollins Publishers.
Understanding Jesus of Nazareth and early Christianity requires knowing the time and place in which Jesus lived and the ideas that were prevalent in his era. Perhaps, that is not enough. Jesus may have thought that he had eternal life and a bond with God from the beginning of creation until the end of times. Therefore, Christians expect him to return. Remarkably, Muhammad and the Jewish prophets did not view themselves in this way.
Jesus started a religion that has 2.2 billion followers today. Another 1.8 billion Muslims expect his return. It is an enigma. Apart from a historical account, a plausible explanation for Jesus’ beliefs may help us to understand him.
The earliest extant sources of Christianity date from decades after Jesus died. Christians first depended on oral traditions and used writings that no longer exist. Oral recounting is notoriously inaccurate, and there is evidence of redactions in the New Testament. And so, scholars agree on very little about Jesus of Nazareth, except that he existed and preached around 26 AD. The search for the historical Jesus has gone a long way.
Around 1760 AD, the German scholar Hermann Samuel Reimarus realised that there is a difference between what Jesus did and preached and what his followers came to believe about him. Reimarus began to investigate the historical Jesus or what Jesus thought and did. He claimed that Jesus lived in the context of first-century Judaism and that he was a typical Jewish apocalyptic prophet of his time.1
Reimarus was a Deist. Deists believe in a Creator and claim that religion requires a rational foundation. Revelation does not come with evidence, so it can never be credible to everyone. For instance, if someone claims to have seen an angel who told him that he is a prophet, then without evidence, he may only convert a few people. People usually are not so easily convinced. And, God created the laws of nature, so God does not need the supernatural to achieve His goals.
Of the accounts of Jesus’ life, much is doubtful. For instance, he probably was not born of a virgin. Only the Gospels of Matthew and Luke mention the virgin birth, but the accounts differ. And Jesus may not have been raised from the dead. To Paul, the resurrection was a belief passed on to him. And he does not corroborate the Gospels on this matter. He lists the people who saw the resurrected Jesus (1 Corinthians 15:3-8), but he does not mention any women, the empty tomb, or Joseph of Arimathea. If the accounts diverge so widely, it may be impossible to establish what happened.
So, who was Jesus? When he lived, the apocalypse was in the air. The apocalyptic worldview holds that the end is near and that God will send a messiah to punish the wicked and reward the faithful. Zoroastrianism appears to be the origin of these beliefs. This religion affected Judaism but also the Greek and Persian worlds. This environment shaped Jesus’ thoughts. The end of the world, the arrival of a messiah, and a final reckoning still define Jewish, Christian, and Islamic thinking.
Jesus and his followers believed that the end was near, perhaps a few years away, but not more than that. And that was 2,000 years ago. Christian sects still proclaim the end of the world from time to time and even set dates. But Jesus did not know God’s plan. He said that only God knows the hour (Mark 13:32). Jesus thought that he was going to save the people of Israel. He did not care much about gentiles. Only tokens of strong faith made him consider their pleas. And Jesus may have had only a few dozen followers, or perhaps a few hundred. That may be why contemporary sources do not mention him.
Jesus did not intend to abolish Jewish law (Matthew 5:17-18), but he preferred substance over adhering to procedure. He was critical of the Pharisees and their obsession with ritual. Jesus was remarkably respectful of women as Jewish culture in the first century AD was patriarchal. Jewish writers in Jesus’ time, for instance, Philo, taught that women should never leave home except to go to the synagogue.2 Jesus spoke to women in public (Luke 7:11-17), and he was compassionate for them and respected their dignity, even when they were sinners (Luke 7:36-50, John 8:3-11). At this point, Jesus ignored traditional Jewish law. His views on marriage may have been even more unusual. But why?
The identity of God
The Gospels state that Jesus had a personal and intimate relationship with God. Scholars agree that the Gospels have been edited.
Jesus is the personification of goodness, while Adolf Hitler is the impersonation of evil. A closer inspection reveals some intriguing parallels between them. Many Germans considered Adolf Hitler their saviour, and they worshipped him like one. Some Christians believe there will be a rapture when Jesus returns (1 Thessalonians 4:17). Rapture is ecstasy, enchantment, enthusiasm and admiration. Few persons in history caused as much rapture as Hitler did.
Hitler told the Germans that they were the chosen people because of their superior race. Many Jews believe they are the chosen people because of the special relationship between God and the Jewish people. Like Moses, Hitler promised that he would end the unjust oppression, in this case, caused by the Treaty of Versailles. He claimed that his Third German Empire would last a thousand years, while the Bible tells us that the reign of Christ will last a thousand years (Revelation 20:1-6). Perhaps not surprisingly, a British intelligence report noted that Hitler had a messiah complex.3
In traditional agricultural societies, lands remained within the family. The Bible states that the bond between the people and the land that cannot be broken and that the land cannot be sold (Leviticus 25:23). This is similar to the Nazi ideology of Blood and Soil that focuses on ethnicity and homeland. Blood and Soil stresses the importance of the land people live on and it celebrates rural living. Selected lands were made hereditary. Those lands could not be mortgaged or sold.
Hitler was not born evil. The Adolf Hitler we know from the history books emerged out of circumstances. He could have been a painter if the Vienna Art School had not declined his application. And he would never have sought revenge if Germany had not lost Word War I. The following short animation picture tells more:
Eva Braun was the mistress and later wife of Adolf Hitler. Most historians consider her an insignificant figure who did not take part in political decisions. But opinions differ. A letter demonstrates that she knew of the concentration camps and the gas chambers. Some Nazi officials close to Hitler have stated that Braun was at the centre of Hitler’s life for most of his twelve years in power. She was committed to Hitler, won his affection, gave him moral support, and enjoyed a healthy sex life with him.7
After learning about a failed plot to kill Hitler in 1944, she wrote to him, ‘From our first meeting, I swore to follow you anywhere even unto death. I live only for your love.’ The wording hints that she wanted to die together with him. That may be why all the assassination attempts on Hitler have failed.
When the end of the Third German Empire neared, Braun became merrier. In the final days, she married Hitler and committed suicide together with him. That may have been the romantic ending she had in mind. Hitler was born in Braunau am Inn. Braun is the German word for brown, while it is the colour associated with the Nazi ideology. Perhaps this signals that Eva Braun was the mastermind behind the rise and fall of the Third German Empire.
Hitler’s political views
Like many Germans, Hitler considered the Peace Treaty of Versailles unjust. The treaty stipulated that Germany accepted responsibility for causing World War I and had to pay massive reparations. The economist Keynes warned about the harsh peace terms imposed upon Germany, already shortly after World War I.
Hitler opposed interest. He had attended a lecture by Gottfried Feder named The Abolition of the Interest Servitude. It was the reason why Hitler joined the National Socialist Party. Hitler’s views on interest were similar to those expressed in the Bible and the Quran. The ideas of Feder became central in his views on international finance.
Hitler believed that the Germans were racially superior to other peoples and that Germany had to conquer territory to create more living space for the German people. That may have been the reason for him to start World War II. Hitler also thought that the Jews were secretly conspiring to gain world leadership.
How did it end?
Hitler was good at doing speeches, which were more or less angry rants that inspired his followers. He was seen as a messianic figure by some of his sponsors long before he became famous. During the Great Depression he managed to gain popularity and to grab power in Germany as the following short animation picture shows:
Fifty million people were killed during World War II. Ten million were exterminated in the Holocaust. Six million of them were Jews. When American troops entered Germany in 1945 they were horrified by what they found in the concentration camps. Until then few people imagined that it could be that bad, even though reports about the concentration camps came in as early as 1943.
Hitler was good at doing speeches, which were angry rants that fired up his following. Some of Hitler’s sponsors saw his messianic potential long before he became famous. During the Great Depression, Hitler gained popularity and grabbed power in Germany. He started a war that killed fifty million people. Ten million people died in the Holocaust, of which six million Jews. When American troops entered Germany in 1945, they were appalled by what they found in the concentration camps. Few people imagined it could be that bad, even though reports about the camps already came in as early as 1943.
Words can never describe the horrors of the Nazi regime. In times of peace, it is hard to imagine that people can be that cruel. In times of war, it becomes easier to understand. The Nazis thought that they did the right thing. They believed that the human race needs improvement and that there is no place for the weak and the unfit. It is survival of the fittest taken to the extreme. History is full of tales of brutality and slaughter, but the Nazis outdid them all. The Nazis may be the closest thing to pure evil that ever existed. And so, if there ever has been an Antichrist, Adolf Hitler could be the most suitable candidate.
In several ways, Hitler is like Christ in the way some of his followers expect him to be. They expect a final reckoning amounting to an atrocity one hundred times worse than World War II. Billions of people might lose their life or could face eternal torture in hell for not having the correct beliefs. Few people will be saved. If you think of it, being tortured eternally in hell is worse than staying in a concentration camp because there is no end to it. And Hitler killed and tortured only a fraction of the people that some adherents of the Religion of Love (Christianity) and the Religion of Peace (Islam) think Jesus is going to murder and torment in the end times. So, who are the evil people here?
The prophecy of the Holocaust
Rumour has it that Nostradamus predicted the rise of Adolf Hitler, but that is not true. Far more ominous are the prophetic references to a number of six million Jews in danger of being exterminated or a coming Holocaust of Jews that appeared in Jewish magazines before World War II. It is not as remarkable as it might seem. The six million figure first emerged because six million Jews lived in the Russian Empire before World War I. The Jews in Russia suffered from a hostile government and pogroms. Pogroms were violent riots incited to massacre or expel the Jews.
The six million figure continued to circulate in Jewish media after the Russian Empire had collapsed. It subsequently became the number of Jews killed during the Holocaust.8 The prophetic statements are eerie, like the reference to the end date of World War I on the licence plate of Franz Ferdinand’s car. The most notable ones are listed below:
In 1911, Max Nordau, co-founder of the World Zionist Organisation, together with Theodore Herzl, pronounced at the tenth Zionist Congress in Basel, Switzerland, that six million Jews would be annihilated.
Shortly after World War I in 1919, Zionists feared that a Holocaust of six million Jews was imminent in Europe.
In 1936, the New York Times reported that Zionists were lobbying for a Jewish state in Palestine to save the Jews from a European Holocaust. That was three years before World War II and five years before the extermination camps came into existence.
In 1939, The Jewish Criterion predicted that the coming world war would bring the annihilation of six million Jews in East and Central Europe.
In 1940, the Jewish leader Nahum Goldmann predicted that if the Nazis achieved victory, six million Jews were doomed to destruction.
Hitler led Europe to destruction. ‘Never again,’ became the motto after the Holocaust. There is an important lesson to be learned. Any leader can be wrong, even if God appointed him, so you should not blindly follow him if your conscience strongly objects. We may be virtual reality characters that exist to entertain God. That does not make God evil. Few people see a problem in killing virtual reality characters in a computer game. You may, therefore, be advised not to end up on the wrong side of history.
Latest revision: 8 April 2022
Featured image: Eva Braun and Adolf Hitler
1. 1 Thessalonians 4:17 [link] 2. Revelation 20:1-6 [link] 3. WWII Adolf Hitler’s profile suggests a messiah complex. BBC (2012). [link] 4. Leviticus 25:23 [link] 5. Blood and soil. Wikipedia. [link] 6. Eva Braun. Wikipedia. [link] 7. Nazi loyalist and Adolf Hitler’s devoted aide: the true story of Eva Braun. The Guardian (2010). [link] 8. The Six Million Jews. [link]
Who was Mary Magdalene? This question has been asked many times before. A Pope in the Middle Ages claimed She was a prostitute.1 This slur still lingers around after more than 1,000 years. More recently, Mary Magdalene has become a cult figure as there is a lot of mystery surrounding Her. She may have been the most important person in Jesus’ life. According to the Gospels, She witnessed the crucifixion from the foot of the cross after the male disciples have fled. And She was the first to see the resurrected Jesus.
There has been speculation as to whether or not She was Jesus’ wife. Jesus is referred to as the Bridegroom in every Gospel (Mark 2:19-20, Matthew 9:15, Luke 5:34, John 3:29). After the Crucifixion, Mary Magdalene went out to wash and anoint Jesus’ body (Mark 16:1). This was the duty of the family, most notably the wife. The official position of the Church is that Jesus was, and still is, married to the Church.
A few Gospels that are not recognised by the Church tell us more about Her. The Gospel of Philip names Her as Jesus’ companion2 and mentions that Jesus loved Her more than the other disciples and kissed Her often.3 The Gospel of Mary notes that Jesus loved her more than the other women.4
To understand the following paragraphs, you may read the following:
The Gospel of John states that Jesus had an intimate and loving relationship with God. He seemed to have known God personally and believed that he had eternal life and already existed at the beginning of the world. A central theme in Christianity is that God is love. So, how could Jesus know God personally?
Jesus may have believed that Mary Magdalene was the reincarnation of Eve and that he was the reincarnation of Adam, and that Adam was the son of Eve. That makes more sense than the rib story. Mary Magdalene may have married Jesus after convincing him that he was Her eternal husband from Creation until the End of Times.
The Gospels tell us little about Mary Magdalene. According to Luke, She was one of the women who travelled with Jesus and supported him financially. We also learn that Jesus had cured these women of illness and demonic possession. Of Mary Magdalene, Luke writes that seven demons had troubled Her (Luke 8:1-3). Because some apocryphal gospels tell more about Her, scribes may have reduced Her role.
After the crucifixion, Mary Magdalene rises to prominence in the canonical gospels. She was present at the crucifixion, and She may have been the first to see the resurrected Jesus. She may have taken up a leadership role as soon as Jesus was gone, for instance, by promoting the rumour that Jesus had risen until others saw him too and became convinced that She was right.
If Mary Magdalene was God, then the corruption in the Gospels must be significant as there is nothing in them to suggest this. Biblical scholars indeed think that the Gospels are unreliable historical sources. But the corruption may already have begun with the tale about Eve and Adam. It is not only a myth, but authors of the Hebrew Bible may also have altered it. So, could Eve have been a goddess and the mother of Adam?
Latest revision: 7 April 2022
Featured image: Christ with Mary Magdalene, West Nave, Kilmore Church, Isle of Mull made by Stephen Adam. B. Galbraith. Victorian Web.
1. Who was Mary Magdalene? James Carrol (2006). Smithsonian. [link] 2. Gospel of Philip: There were three who always walked with the Lord: Mary, his mother, and her sister, and Magdalene, who was called his companion. His sister, his mother and his companion were each a Mary. 3. Gospel of Philip: And the companion of the saviour was Mary Magdalene. Christ loved Mary more than all the disciples and used to kiss her often. The rest of the disciples were offended by it and expressed disapproval. They said to him, “Why do you love her more than all of us?” The Saviour answered and said to them, “Why do I not love you like her?” 4. Gospel of Mary: Peter said to Mary, “Sister we know that the Saviour loved you more than the rest of woman. Tell us the words of the Saviour which you remember which you know, but we do not, nor have we heard them”. Mary answered and said, “What is hidden from you I will proclaim to you”. And she began to speak to them these words: “I”, she said, “I saw the Lord in a vision and I said to Him, Lord I saw you today in a vision”.