The Last Supper

Born of God

The Jesus mystery

The gospels state that Jesus believed that God was his ‘Father’, that he had eternal life and that he already existed at the beginning of creation, and that he was the Bridegroom and that being the Bridegroom was part of his mission. Biblical scholars have difficulty explaining these peculiar beliefs that many Christians accept without questioning. Is it possible to shed some more light on these peculiar dogmas of Christianity?

Bible: Only God Knows What Jesus Really Said
Bible: Only God Knows What Jesus Really Said. Loesje. Loesje.org.

Perhaps it is possible. The mystery can be explained by assuming that the earliest Christians believed that Jesus was a reincarnation of Adam, that Mary Magdalene was a reincarnation of Eve and that Eve is a Mother Goddess who gave birth to Adam, and by doing so became the Mother of the rest of humanity. In this way Jesus was the Bridegroom as well as the Son of God, while Christians can be called children of God.

Born of God the Father

The Gospel Of John differs from the other gospels. It states that Christians are born of God the Father.1 Men cannot give birth. Perhaps the gender of God has been obfuscated and God is a Mother. A question that may arise is that if the early Christian leaders have removed the evidence of God being a Mother then how could they have overlooked this? The answer is that they probably didn’t.

The Gospels were written in Greek or translated into Greek. Greek mythology allows for such a peculiarity. The goddess Athena was born from the head of the male god Zeus. Perhaps for that reason Jesus is referred to as ‘godhead’ in some of the letters of the Church Fathers. In most translations this word is replaced by terms like ‘divinity’, ‘divine nature’ and ‘divine being’.2

If the original sources from which the Gospel of John was compiled were oral stories or written texts in Hebrew or Aramaic, this phrase might reveal the gender of God, as being born from a male deity comes from Greek mythology and not from the Jewish tradition and religion. The next question might be why? Such a construct could have made a great compromise at a time when many Christians still believed that God is a Mother.

The Jewish deity Yahweh is male so for Jewish Christians it may have been easy to accept the change. For others this may have been different. Syria was one of the first gentile areas where Christianity had spread. The acts of the apostles discuss the church in Antioch as early as 42 AD.3 As there were a substantial number of Christians in Syria already, it would have taken time to erase an established idea like God being a Mother.

The Gospel of John may have been written to cater this particular need, and to bridge the gap between the Pauline doctrine of God being a Father, the Jewish doctrine that God is unobservable and unknowable by humans, and the belief that God is a Mother which may have existed with the gentile Christians. The letters of Ignatius of Antioch indicate that this gospel was widely used in the early Syrian Christian community.4

The Gospel of John depicts Jesus as being in an eternal union with God. The nature of this union may have been marriage as Jesus said that he and ‘The Father’ are one. Marriage is the way to become one with another person. This makes sense when Mary Magdalene and Jesus were believed to be Eve and Adam reincarnate. And so the stage may have been set for Jesus becoming divine in Christian theology. To Jews this may have been offensive so Christianity may have separated itself from Judaism. The negative views on Jews expressed in this gospel may reflect this development.

In this Gospel Jesus called his mother ‘woman’ and not ‘mother’.5 Calling her ‘mother’ would have caused confusion if Jesus referred to God as Mother too. More evidence can be found in the Odes Of Solomon. Ode 19 stands out. It has the following lines:

A cup of milk was offered to me: and I drank it in the sweetness of the delight of the Lord.
The Son is the cup, and He who was milked is the Father.
And the Holy Spirit milked Him: because His breasts were full, and it was necessary for Him that His milk should be sufficiently released.
And the Holy Spirit opened His bosom and mingled the milk from the two breasts of the Father; and gave the mixture to the world without their knowing.4

This clue may be important for a few reasons. First, it is an old text that already existed around 100 AD so it probably was even older. Second, it circulated amongst the earliest Christians in Syria. Third, there are no other Christian texts mentioning any gender related attributes of God. Here God is definitely depicted as having female physical characteristics despite being called Father and the claim that God can’t be observed by anyone. It gives further substance to the argument that the phrase being born of God is significant and points at God being a Mother who had a physical presence.

The Bridegroom

Jesus referred to himself as the Bridegroom6 and the Kingdom Of God is represented as a wedding banquet.7 Hence, the wedding mentioned in the Gospel Of John could have been Jesus’ marriage. This might explain why his mother was occupied with the lack of wine at the party.8 Jesus started doing miracles at this wedding by turning water into wine.9 If Jesus had been married to God, this marriage may have turned him into the Christ, a suggestion that John the Baptist may have made.10 This might explain why Jesus started doing miracles at the wedding.

Another question may be why the early Christian leaders have altered the gender of God? It is written that Paul experienced a psychosis in which Jesus appeared to him and called him.11 Paul joined Jesus’ followers shortly after Jesus allegedly died. According to the Gospels Jesus attracted all the attention, for instance by doing miracles, and perhaps Jesus was the only person who experienced evidence of Mary Magdalene being God. Paul may not have believed it and the other disciples may have had their doubts too. They were Jews who were taught to believe in the existence of an invisible male deity.

The idea of Eve taking Her son Adam as Her husband is lewd. It may have made the relationship between Mary Magdalene and Jesus problematic. It might give people the impression that incest is permitted or even recommended. In the First Epistle to the Corinthians Paul had to deal with a situation where a man was sleeping with his father’s wife. Apparently the Christian community approved of it.12 Such acts may have provided a moral ground for the modifications Paul invented.

Gnostic gospels

Some of the Gnostic Gospels portray a close relationship between Mary Magdalene and Jesus. One names her as Jesus’ companion.13 Another mentions that Jesus loves her more than the other disciples and kisses her often.14 A third notes that Jesus loved her more than the other women.15 The Gnostic gospels don’t suggest that Mary Magdalene was God nor do they portray a marriage between her and Jesus.

The Gnostics were mystics who claimed to have secret knowledge about Jesus’ teachings and the nature of reality. Jesus claimed that his kingdom is of another world and can’t be observed.16 Gnostics believed that physical reality is a trap forged by an evil creator that keeps us separated from the Highest God. The idea of physical reality being separate from the immaterial world of ideas comes from Greek philosophers like Plato. Gnosticism also stressed the importance of individual experience. Gnosticism was banned after Christianity became the official religion of the Roman Empire.

Gnosticism developed gradually from the second century onwards. The Gnostics and the Church may have started out using the same sources when the evidence of God being a Mother was already erased, but not the evidence of Jesus’ close relationship with Mary Magdalene. The different agendas brought about different redactions. To the Gnostics the close relationship between Mary Magdalene and Jesus probably wasn’t an issue. For the Church this may have been different as Christian theology made Jesus divine. An intimate relationship with Mary Magdalene didn’t fit into this picture.

lastsupperdetail

Beloved disciple

The Gnostic Gospels suggest that Jesus loved Mary Magdalene more than the other disciples. Hence, the Beloved Disciple in the Gospel of John may have been Mary Magdalene. One verse mentions Mary Magdalene and the Beloved Disciple separately.17 It may have been a falsification to obfuscate their intimate relationship. Another verse lists three women, namely Jesus’ aunt, the wife of Clopas, and Mary Magdalene, and then implies that the Beloved Disciple was one of them.18 There apparently had been rumours that the Beloved Disciple was immortal.19 This makes sense if the Beloved Disciple was the avatar of God.

The contradictions in the accounts of the life of Jesus inspired a number of books like the Da Vinci Code. The Da Vinci Code is about an alleged conspiracy in the Roman Catholic Church to hide the relationship between Mary Magdalene and Jesus. The book depends on the idea that the person at the right hand of Jesus in Leonardo da Vinci’s painting of The Last Supper is not the apostle John, but Mary Magdalene. Mary Magdalene having been the most important person in Jesus’ life is modern knowledge that was not available to Leonardo da Vinci. It is therefore a peculiar coincidence that the Beloved Disciple is believed to have been John while John has a female appearance on many renaissance paintings so that the Da Vinci Code could be contrived.

Featured image: Bible: Only God Knows What Jesus Really Said. Loesje.org.

1. John 1:12-13 [link], 1 John 4:7 [link]
2. Acts 17:29 [link], Romans 1:20 [link], Colossians 2:9 [link]
3. Acts 11:19-26 [link]
4. The Lost Bible: Forgotten Scriptures Revealed. J.R. Porter (2001).
5. John 2:4 [link], John 19:25 [link]
6. Luke 5:34 [link], Mark 2:19-20 [link], Matthew 9:15 [link]
7. Matthew 22:2 [link]
8. John 2:3 [link]
9. John 2:9 [link]
10. John 3:27-29 [link]
11. Acts 9:3-5 [link]
12. 1 Corinthians 5:1-2 [link]
13. Gospel of Philip: There were three who always walked with the Lord: Mary, his mother, and her sister, and Magdalene, who was called his companion. His sister, his mother and his companion were each a Mary.
14. Gospel of Philip: And the companion of the saviour was Mary Magdalene. Christ loved Mary more than all the disciples, and used to kiss her often. The rest of the disciples were offended by it and expressed disapproval. They said to him, “Why do you love her more than all of us?” The Saviour answered and said to them, “Why do I not love you like her?”
15. Gospel of Mary: Peter said to Mary, “Sister we know that the Saviour loved you more than the rest of woman. Tell us the words of the Saviour which you remember which you know, but we do not, nor have we heard them”. Mary answered and said, “What is hidden from you I will proclaim to you”. And she began to speak to them these words: “I”, she said, “I saw the Lord in a vision and I said to Him, Lord I saw you today in a vision”.
16. Luke 17:20-21 [link]
17. John 20:1-2 [link]
18. John 19:25-27 [link]
17. John 21:21-23 [link]

Eve in the Garden Of Eden

Mother Goddess Eve

Female figurines have been found during archaeological excavations. The most famous one is the Venus of Willendorf dating from around 23,000 BC. Some scholars believe these figurines depict mother goddesses. And indeed many ancient cultures had mother goddesses associated with fertility. Women give birth and humans in early cultures may not have known about fatherhood. And so they may have believed that women create life. The ability to create life out of nothing may have been the essence of mother goddess worship. One of the best known mother goddesses was Isis in ancient Egypt.

Venus of Willendorf
Venus of Willendorf

Women can be sure that their children are their own but for men this is different. When the fathers of children are unknown, there is matriarchy. It has been argued that the worship of mother goddesses disappeared because men desired to control women and their sexuality. That may have been a consequence of the transition from hunting-gathering to agriculture when caring for children became a family matter in which men played a greater role.

Hunter gatherers were wanderers so territorial conflicts were less likely to be intense as they could always move on.1 This changed with the advent of agriculture. Farmers had to defend their property and family. Men may be more willing to defend women and children they consider their own. Men could also walk out when they doubted their fatherhood. This may have given them a position of power so that patriarchy emerged.

The tale of Eve and Adam may have been edited. Eve may have been the mother of Adam as she was the Mother Of All The Living. This makes more sense than Eve being made out of Adam’s rib. As Adam was the only man around at the time, Eve being Mother Of All The Living makes little sense unless it refers to all living creatures. The tale may originally have reflected the transition from hunting and gathering to agriculture, which was a curse that came from the knowledge of plants. The life of hunter gatherers was more agreeable than the plight of the farmers that came later on.1 The Garden Of Eden provided for everything. Adam was banished from the Garden of Eden to work the ground,2 which was a life of toil.3

The Jews invented the God Of Abraham but this universe might be a virtual reality created by an advanced civilisation to entertain someone we can call God. God could use avatars and appear like an ordinary human to us. The question is what imagined deities of humans can tell us about the ownership of this universe. The predominance of the God Of Abraham might be a clue.

Yahweh and Allah were male gods. Before monotheism took over they had a wife and children. Only, Jews and Muslims do not see God as a Father like Christians do, even though there are a few references to God as a Father4 and a Mother5 in the Torah. Christians are born of God6 so perhaps God is a Mother after all. Christians refer to God as Father but there is no Father in the Torah. Only Eve is the Mother Of All The Living.

Isis with Horus
Isis with the child Horus. Metropolitan Museum of Art.

The early Christians may have believed that Eve was the mother of all the living, that Mary Magdalene was a reincarnation of Eve, and that Jesus was a reincarnation of Adam. They may have believed that Eve was not made out of the rib of Adam but that Adam was born as a son of Eve so that Adam and therefore Jesus were a Son of God. The Gospels may have been redacted, perhaps because the relationship between Eve and Adam appeared incestuous. And so the birth story of Jesus from Virgin Mary may have been introduced to replace the birth of Adam from Eve.

Eve could be the Mother Goddess of the Bible and God may have devised a scheme to disguise Her identity using Virgin Mary. The veneration of Virgin Mary or Mother Mary may have existed in early Christianity. The Church recognised Virgin Mary as ‘Mother of God’ at the Council of Ephesus in 431, effectively making her a Mother Goddess. From then on statues and icons of Mother Mary with the child Jesus have been made. Some of them were similar to those of the Egyptian mother goddess Isis with her child Horus.

Saint Mary Bolnichka Icon
Mother Mary with the child Jesus. Saint Mary Bolnichka Icon.

This is in clear violation of the command not to make images for worship.7 Nevertheless, the transgression could be part of the scheme. The Mother Goddess Mary, who may have been eliminated from the gospels, re-entered the Church via a back door. As many prayers were directed to Mother Mary, she became a proxy for God. The protestant reformation aimed at returning to the roots of Christianity and eliminated Virgin Mary veneration from their religion. But their reform was based entirely on the scriptures and ignorant of the possibility of church traditions like Mother Mary veneration being reflections of the original message of Christianity.
starcrescent
The star and crescent became the symbol for Islam. This symbol has a long history predating Islam and it was formally associated with a Moon goddess. In the Biblical context it has different meaning. In the Biblical story of Joseph the Moon symbolises the woman while the star symbolises the child.8 Hence, the Islamic symbol may represent the Mother Goddess with the child, just like the Madonna with the child Jesus. It could reflect the relationship between Khadijah bint Khuwaylid and her husband Muhammad because she was his boss and so much older that she could have been his mother.

The St. Mary of Zion Church in Ethiopia is said to contain the Ark of the Covenant. It is claimed that the Ark came to Ethiopia with King Menelik after he visited his father King Solomon. Mary of Zion is symbolised by the Ark of the Covenant.9 That is a remarkable coincidence. The ark allegedly was the residence of Yahweh, the God of Israel. This coincidence may indicate that God is a woman, also for the Rastafarians.

The creation story in Genesis may have been redacted. The designation Mother Of All The Living suggests that Eve may have been a Mother Goddess.10 Genesis 1 already contains a creation story explaining how men and women were created.11 Hence, the creation of Adam and Eve in Genesis 2 is at odds with Genesis 1. It is also peculiar that the woman was made from a rib of the man12 as women usually give birth to men. Adam is simply referred to as ‘the man’13 while Eve is referred to as Mother Of All The Living.14 Adam calling Eve Mother Of All The Living before they had any children suggests tampering. It is also hard to believe that Eve and Adam were the only people as their children married.

Eve being the Mother Goddess makes all these contradictions disappear. And that is remarkable as scholars believe that Genesis 1 and Genesis 2 were based on two different traditions. Perhaps the original creation myth was that the Mother Goddess Eve wanted a husband for Herself and created one by giving birth. It seems unlikely that Jesus figured this out by himself and so Mary Magdalene may have told him this. Christianity became a major religion, which suggests that God is a woman. The Quran doesn’t really contradict the Bible. The Quran mentions the creation of Adam extensively but says little about the creation of Eve, hence Eve may not have been created. The Quran primarily blames Adam for the Fall and leaves Eve mostly out of the picture. The Quran claims that Adam listened to the voice of Satan without implicating Eve.15

Snake goddess from the palace of Knossos. Heraklion Archaeological Museum
Snake goddess from the palace of Knossos. Heraklion Archaeological Museum.

The origins of the myth of the Garden Of Eden support this perspective. Serpents have been associated with some of the oldest rituals known to humankind. The serpent was a symbol of death, healing, and rebirth. It could represent wisdom, good as well as evil. Mother Goddesses sometimes had serpents as their sidekicks helping them in doing their magic.16 Snake goddesses were worshiped in ancient Egypt and Crete. In ancient mythology the tree with a serpent represents the Tree of Life of the Mother Goddess. In these mythologies the Mother Goddess could take the form of a serpent dying and renewing like the Moon. In these mythologies Her husband died too and was reborn her son.17 Only, the Garden Of Eden may be the myth on which this world has been created, and Eve may have been the primal avatar of God.

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Featured image: Eve in the Garden Of Eden. Henri Rousseau (1906-1910). Public Domain. Wikimedia Commons.

Other images: Venus of Willendorf. Don Hitchcock (2008). Wikimedia Commons; Isis with Horus. Metropolitan Museum of Art. Wikimedia Commons. Public Domain; Saint Mary Bolnichka Icon. Wikimedia Commons. Public Domain; The younger ‘snake goddess’ from the palace of Knossos. Heraklion Archaeological Museum. Wikimedia Commons. Public Domain.

1. A Brief History Of Humankind. Yuval Noah Harari (2014). Harvil Secker.
2. Genesis 3:23 [link]
3. Genesis 3:17-19 [link]
4. Isaiah 63:16 [link]
5. Isaiah 66:13 [link]
6. John 1:13 [link]
7. Exodus 20:4-5 [link]
8. Genesis 37:9 [link]
9. Church of Our Lady Mary of Zion – Wikipedia [link]
10. Asherah – Wikipedia [link]: Some scholars have found an early link between Asherah and Eve, based upon the coincidence of their common title as “the mother of all living” in Genesis 3:20 through the identification with the Hurrian mother goddess Hebat. Asherah was also given the title Chawat from which the name Hawwah in Aramaic and the biblical name Eve are derived.
11. Genesis 1:27 [link]
12. Genesis 2:22 [link]
13. Genesis 2:20 [link]
14. Genesis 3:20 [link]
15. Quran 20:115-121 [link]
16. Serpent (Symbolism) – Wikipedia [link]
17. Eve: the Mother of All Living. Anne Baring and Jules Cashford (1991). Penguin Books. [link]